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PL SQL Exception Handling - How to Raise Exception in PLSQL
 
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PL SQL Exception Handling - How to Raise Exception in PLSQL PL-SQL tutorial for Beginners in Hindi and English
PL/SQL tutorial 31: Cursor For Loop With Parameterized Cursor In Oracle Database
 
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PL/SQL tutorial 31 Database Cursor for loop part 2. Learn how to work with parameterized cursor using Cursor For Loop in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma at RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/cursor-for-loop-with-parameter-cursor Previous Tutorial ► Cursor For Loop with Simple Cursor https://youtu.be/abgVNjPaMVA ►PL/SQL For Loop: https://youtu.be/DfAmnj2j7WI ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 28687 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL Tutorial | Exception Handling in Oracle Database
 
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Learn exception handling in oracle, understanding different types of exceptions and trapping exception with SQLERRM and SQLCODE. How to handle exception in oracle database, How to handle user defined exception in oracle database, What is Pragma in Exception Handling, What is Pragma Exception_INIT in oracle, Difference between named and unnamed exception in oracle, Types of exception available in oracle, How to use Raise_application_error in oracle, How to use custom exception in oracle, Details of System Exception: DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX ORA-00001 You tried to execute an INSERT or UPDATE statement that has created a duplicate value in a field restricted by a unique index. TIMEOUT_ON_RESOURCE ORA-00051 You were waiting for a resource and you timed out. TRANSACTION_BACKED_OUT ORA-00061 The remote portion of a transaction has rolled back. INVALID_CURSOR ORA-01001 You tried to reference a cursor that does not yet exist. This may have happened because you've executed a FETCH cursor or CLOSE cursor before OPENing the cursor. NOT_LOGGED_ON ORA-01012 You tried to execute a call to Oracle before logging in. LOGIN_DENIED ORA-01017 You tried to log into Oracle with an invalid username/password combination. NO_DATA_FOUND ORA-01403 You tried one of the following: You executed a SELECT INTO statement and no rows were returned. You referenced an uninitialized row in a table. You read past the end of file with the UTL_FILE package. TOO_MANY_ROWS ORA-01422 You tried to execute a SELECT INTO statement and more than one row was returned. ZERO_DIVIDE ORA-01476 You tried to divide a number by zero. INVALID_NUMBER ORA-01722 You tried to execute a SQL statement that tried to convert a string to a number, but it was unsuccessful. STORAGE_ERROR ORA-06500 You ran out of memory or memory was corrupted. PROGRAM_ERROR ORA-06501 This is a generic "Contact Oracle support" message because an internal problem was encountered. VALUE_ERROR ORA-06502 You tried to perform an operation and there was a error on a conversion, truncation, or invalid constraining of numeric or character data. CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN ORA-06511 You tried to open a cursor that is already open. Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
Views: 1142 Specialize Automation
PLSQL Cursor, Implicit and Explicit Cursor, How to Open, Fetch, Close Cursor
 
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PLSQL Cursor, Implicit and Explicit Cursor, How to Open, Fetch, Close Cursor PL-SQL tutorial for Beginners in Hindi and English
Cursors in Oracle PLSQL
 
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This Video Explains. 1. What is CURSOR in Oracle PLSQL 2. How to use cursor in Oracle PLSQL 3. How to declare,open and fetch values in CURSOR 4. CURSOR Attributes 5. Implicit cursor and explicit cursor 6. CURSOR TYPES
Views: 3273 yrrhelp
PL/SQL tutorial 35: Cursor Based Record Datatype Variable in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma
 
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www.RebellionRider.com- Learn How To Create Cursor Based Record Datatype Variable in Oracle Database with easy Examples. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/cursor-records Previous Tutorial ►Table Based Record https://youtu.be/8WqpqKUj9l8 ► Simple Explicit Cursor https://youtu.be/3q7dW_d2KVc ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 24308 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL tutorial 48: Declare User-Define Exception using RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR
 
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Manish Sharma from RebellionRider.com presents PL/SQL Tutorial on How To Declare User-Define Exception using RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR in Oracle Database ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/user-define-exception-2 Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 21063 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL tutorial 46: Introduction to PL/SQL exception Handling in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma
 
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Check out the latest tutorial on Introduction to PL/SQL exception Handling in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma from RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/exception-handling Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 26377 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL tutorial 28: Cursor Parameter In Oracle Database By Manish Sharma
 
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Learn How To Create Parameterized cursor in Oracle Database with easy to understand example by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/cursor-parameter Previous Tutorial ► Create Explicit Cursor: https://youtu.be/3q7dW_d2KVc ►Cursors : https://youtu.be/_snAMqCBitg ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 42800 Manish Sharma
User Defined Exceptions in PL/SQL | Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
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User Defined Exceptions:- 1. raise statement 2. raise_application_error
Views: 14441 Naresh i Technologies
PL/SQL: Cursors (Implicit)
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn what is a cursor and the types of cursors available in the pl/sql...
Views: 20223 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL tutorial 68: PL/SQL Strong Ref Cursor in Oracle Database
 
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RebellionRider.com presents the second tutorial in PL/SQL Ref Cursors series explaining the concepts of Strong Ref Cursors in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/ref-cursor-2 Previous Tutorial ► Record Datatypes: https://youtu.be/8WqpqKUj9l8 ► Database Cursors: https://youtu.be/_snAMqCBitg ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 10247 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL: Cursors using FOR loop
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn h.ow to write a cursor using for loop and the advantage of it. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 18056 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL tutorial 67: PL/SQL Ref Cursors In Oracle Database by Manish Sharma
 
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RebellionRider.com presents introduction to PL/SQL Ref Cursors / Cursor Variable in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/ref-cursor-1 Previous Tutorial ►Database Cursor (Playlist): http://bit.ly/2x0JGXz ► Record Datatype (Playlist): http://bit.ly/2xkcHOr ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 15019 Manish Sharma
Bulk Exceptions in Oracle  | Oracle Tutorial | Mr. Murali
 
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Bulk Exceptions in Oracle ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] ►Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5.Share Video's of each and every session. Check The Below Links: ►For Course Reg : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/
Views: 4772 Naresh i Technologies
PL/SQL Tutorial | User Defined Exception | Pragma Exception_INIT in Oracle Database 11g
 
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Learn in depth with example about creating user defined exception using Pragma Exception_INIT and Raise_application_error following handling of different types of system named and unnamed exception in details. How to handle exception in oracle database, How to handle user defined exception in oracle database, What is Pragma in Exception Handling, What is Pragma Exception_INIT in oracle, Types of exception available in oracle, How to use Raise_application_error in oracle, How to use custom exception in oracle, How to use pragma autonomous transaction, SQLERRM, SQLCODE, Raise_application_error, In Oracle PL/SQL, PRAGMA refers to a compiler directive or "hint" it is used to provide an instruction to the compiler. The 5 types of Pragma directives available in Oracle are listed below: * PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION * PRAGMA SERIALLY_REUSABLE * PRAGMA RESTRICT_REFRENCES * PRAGMA EXCEPTION_INIT * PRAGMA INLINE Details of System Exception: DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX ORA-00001 You tried to execute an INSERT or UPDATE statement that has created a duplicate value in a field restricted by a unique index. TIMEOUT_ON_RESOURCE ORA-00051 You were waiting for a resource and you timed out. TRANSACTION_BACKED_OUT ORA-00061 The remote portion of a transaction has rolled back. INVALID_CURSOR ORA-01001 You tried to reference a cursor that does not yet exist. This may have happened because you've executed a FETCH cursor or CLOSE cursor before OPENing the cursor. NOT_LOGGED_ON ORA-01012 You tried to execute a call to Oracle before logging in. LOGIN_DENIED ORA-01017 You tried to log into Oracle with an invalid username/password combination. NO_DATA_FOUND ORA-01403 You tried one of the following: You executed a SELECT INTO statement and no rows were returned. You referenced an uninitialized row in a table. You read past the end of file with the UTL_FILE package. TOO_MANY_ROWS ORA-01422 You tried to execute a SELECT INTO statement and more than one row was returned. ZERO_DIVIDE ORA-01476 You tried to divide a number by zero. INVALID_NUMBER ORA-01722 You tried to execute a SQL statement that tried to convert a string to a number, but it was unsuccessful. STORAGE_ERROR ORA-06500 You ran out of memory or memory was corrupted. PROGRAM_ERROR ORA-06501 This is a generic "Contact Oracle support" message because an internal problem was encountered. VALUE_ERROR ORA-06502 You tried to perform an operation and there was a error on a conversion, truncation, or invalid constraining of numeric or character data. CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN ORA-06511 You tried to open a cursor that is already open. Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
11-Oracle PL-SQL Arabic Course   Explicit Cursors اوراكل ديفلوبر
 
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أهلا بكم فى درس جديد من سلسلة دروس أوراكل ديفلوبر شرح SQL فى درس اليوم نجيب على السؤال ماهو الكيرسور(CURSOR)؟ كما نتحدث عن الفرق بين: Implicit cursor – Explicit cursor وكذلك خطوات انشاء Explicit cursor و هى: Declare cursor – Open cursor – fetch cursor - close cursor. كما نتناول بالشرح : Explicit cursor attributes: %isopen %found %notfound %rowcount SYNTAX: CURSOR cursor_name IS select_statement; DECLARE CURSOR c_emp_cursor IS SELECT employee_id, last_name FROM employees WHERE department_id =30; v_emp_record c_emp_cursor%ROWTYPE; BEGIN OPEN c_emp_cursor; LOOP FETCH c_emp_cursor INTO v_emp_record; EXIT WHEN c_emp_cursor%NOTFOUND; DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE( v_emp_record.employee_id ||' '||v_emp_record.last_name); END LOOP; CLOSE c_emp_cursor; END; ......................................­.................... تواصل معانا علي الفيس بوك من هنا : https://www.facebook.com/askgad .......................................­.................... تواصل معانا علي موقعنا من هنا : https://www.askgad.com
Views: 4928 Ask Gad
Oracle - PL/SQL - Exception Handling
 
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Oracle - PL/SQL - Exception Handling https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
PL/SQL tutorial 47: How to declare user-define exception using a EXCEPTION variable
 
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How to declare user-define exception using a variable of EXCEPTION datatype in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma from RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/user-define-exception-1 Previous Tutorial ► Introduction to Exception Handling: https://youtu.be/jBzhLOCBuuA ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 20592 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL tutorial 26: Introduction to PL/SQL Cursor in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma
 
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Learn What are cursors, what are types(Explicit and implicit), and steps of cursor's creation in oracle database by Manish Sharma From RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/introduction-to-database-cursors Previous Tutorial ► Pl/SQL Variables: https://youtu.be/2MNmodawvnE ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 101265 Manish Sharma
Oracle - PL/SQL - Explicit Cursors
 
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Oracle - PL/SQL - Explicit Cursors https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
PL/SQL tutorial 27: How To Create An Explicit Cursor In Oracle Database By Manish Sharma
 
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Learn How To Create An Explicit Database Cursor In Oracle with easy to understand example by Manish Sharma RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/create-explicit-cursor Previous Tutorial ► Introduction To Database Cursor - https://youtu.be/_snAMqCBitg ► Simple Loop - https://youtu.be/AFx6QYcY1CU ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 56507 Manish Sharma
Exception Handling in Oracle PLSQL
 
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An exception is an error condition during a program execution. PL/SQL supports programmers to catch such conditions using EXCEPTION block in the program and an appropriate action is taken against the error condition For more information on this course, please visit https://www.koenig-solutions.com/oracle-training-certification-courses.aspx
Views: 556 Koenig Solutions
Oracle - PL/SQL - Implicit Cursors
 
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Oracle - PL/SQL - Implicit Cursors https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
Using Cursor in Oracle PL SQL
 
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Using Cursor in Oracle PL SQL By Dr. RD Balaji Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/DWUs/
PL/SQL: Ref Cursors
 
09:28
In this tutorial, you'll learn what is ref cursors. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 27854 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL Tutorial : FORALL with SAVE EXCEPTION
 
09:02
PL/SQL Tutorial : FORALL with SAVE EXCEPTION SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 2857 TechLake
REF CURSOR AND SYS_REFCURSOR IN ORACLE PL/SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
25:07
This video explains about ref cursor in oracle pl/sql, what are ref cursors, how are ref cursor different from simple cursors, what are the advantages of using a ref cursor etc. The video demonstrates proper and easy to understand examples on ref cursor.
Views: 10762 Kishan Mashru
ORACLE PLSQL Exception: Menangani kesalahan penggunaan Implicit Cursor
 
11:21
Implicit Cursor merupakan cursor dalam Oracle PL/SQL yang hanya dapat memproses 1 baris data. Jika data yang diproses lebih dari satu akan mengakibatkan terjadinya error. Exception yang digunakan untuk menangani error tersebut adalah TOO_MANY_ROWS
Views: 47 Boby Siswanto
Oracle || PL/SQL Exceptions  Part - 1 by dinesh
 
42:24
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
PLS-11: Oracle PL/SQL Reference Cursor
 
08:43
Oracle For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=5 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
Views: 74671 Oresoft LWC
PL/SQL: Explicit Cursors
 
09:21
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to create explicit cursor and the difference between explicit & implicit cursors...
Views: 21101 radhikaravikumar
PLS-9: Oracle PL/SQL Cursor
 
23:59
Oracle For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=5 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
Views: 127011 Oresoft LWC
PL/SQL Cursor
 
07:22
Like Subscribe and share your view plz
PL/SQL tutorial 74: PL/SQL Bulk Collect Clause with FETCH-INTO statement of an explicit cursor
 
09:49
RebellionRider.com presents a PL/SQL tutorial on how to use PL/SQL Bulk Collect with Fetch-Into statement of an explicit cursor in Oracle Database. Watch and learn how to enhance query performance with Bulk Collect in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/bulk-collect-3 Previous Tutorial ► Introduction to Bulk Collect: https://youtu.be/HPVzFBluM_Q ► Explicit Cursor: https://youtu.be/3q7dW_d2KVc ► Simple Loop: https://youtu.be/AFx6QYcY1CU ► The script on GIT: https://github.com/RebellionRider/pl-sql-tut-74.git ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ For E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 10172 Manish Sharma
Oracle || Cursors in Pl/SQL Part -1 by Siva
 
29:39
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo............
77. Introduction to Cursor in PL/SQL Oracle
 
11:21
In this video you will learn about Introduction to Cursor in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 12082 ITORIAN
Oracle Cursor  dentro de un Procedimiento
 
10:11
Oracle Cursores part 2
Views: 5085 SALMUZ
PL/SQL: Sysrefcoursor
 
08:07
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make us of sys_refcursor PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 6704 radhikaravikumar
What is Parameterized Cursor in Oracle
 
03:39
What is Parameterized Cursor in Oracle. In simple words a cursor with parameter is called parameterized cursor. PL/SQL allows developer to pass parameters into cursors. Same as like we can pass parameter into function and procedure. PL/SQL Parameterized cursor pass the parameters into a cursor and use them in to query. Cursor becomes more reusable using Cursor parameters. PL/SQL Parameterized cursor define only data type of parameter and not need to define it's length. In Parameterized cursor scope of the parameters are local within program only. Optionally, we can also give a default value for the parameter, which will take effect if no value is passed to the cursor. Key point 1. Scope of the parameters are locally 2. You can assign default value to a cursor parameter. 3. Cursor becomes more reusable with Cursor parameters. 4.PL/SQL Parameterized cursor define only data type of parameter and not need to define it's length. Please Leave your comments about this video and you can leave your question also for new videos. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Join our group on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/146487615764170/ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Visit our blog http://oracletemple.blogspot.in/ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Useful plsql books link. http://goo.gl/XMy0tt ------------------------------------------------- Watch More... What is Parameterized Cursor in Oracle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JMKwHlVi6-A What is autonomous transaction in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyvFajpfoWE What are Constraints available in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WivhdLXQklQ What is Mutation Error and How to avoid mutation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbWNCyW18Bs 5 Effective way to delete Duplicate rows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wtTtnc87Oc What is Difference between Delete and Truncate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7b6wQ3Qumgg
Views: 6904 Ram Gupta
PLSQL Básico - Cursores Implicitos (vs cursores explìcitos) - Excepciones
 
21:50
Un cursor implícito es ejecutado cuando una sentencia DML es lanzada. En el caso de las sentencias UPDATE, DELETE, INSERT no es necesario agregar más código para ser usadas aunque se puede obtener informacion del proceso que ejecutaron tal como ver si encontró el set a procesar con SQL%FOUND o SQL%NOTFOUND y cuantas lineas fueron procesadas con SQL%ROWCOUNT. En el caso de la sentencia SELECT es donde se dan más diferencias ya que un cursor implícito está diseñado para regresar el resultado de una sola fila con una o más columnas, en el caso de que haya más de un resultado o ninguno, enviará un mensaje de error, cuando el manejo de los errores lo hacemos en la parte de EXCEPTION estamos transladando escenarios previstos a una parte de excepciones que tiene otro propósito. Se recomienda siempre usar cursores explícitos ya que nos da control para el manejo de los distintos escenarios por lo tanto también se muestran las diferencias entre usar cursores implícitos y explicitos.
Views: 18592 Daniel Nieto
Exception handling in oracle pl/sql with example
 
14:01
An error condition during a program execution is called an exception in Oracle PL/SQL. This is a free video tutorial on Oracle PL/SQL Exceptions. The video demonstrates examples on how to perform exception handling in oracle PL.SQL.
Views: 1172 Kishan Mashru
PL/SQL: Ref cursor Types
 
07:57
In this tutorial, you'll learn the types of ref cursors.. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12745 radhikaravikumar