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SQL query to find first record and last record in single query
 
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SQL query to find first record and last record in single query
Views: 8132 SQL Guru
Single Row Subqueries (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
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Explains what a single row subquery is and how it's used. This is a subquery that returns one row. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 489 Database Star
Oracle tutorial : How to return multiple values from the Function in Oracle PL/SQL
 
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Oracle tutorial : How to return multiple values from the Function in Oracle PLSQL pl sql function This video tutorial tell you How to return multiple rows from the Function in Oracle PLSQL Using the TYPE object you can able return multiple rows from the function.Here object concept of oracle is used. Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 6027 Tech Query Pond
How to Fetch Latest record/row from the Table in Oracle Database
 
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You will learn how to How to Fetch Latest record/row from the Table in Oracle Database. Realtime Scenario: This logic can be implemented to find whether the latest record should be inserted or updated to datawarehouse
SQL Server - Retrieve Multiple Rows as a Single Record
 
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A short T-SQL tutorial to show how to join two tables for selecting mutiple rows on a single record. The contents of this video applies to Microsoft® SQL Server®
Views: 15491 Emiliano Musso
HOW TO RETURN MULTIPLE VALUES FROM A PROCEDURE IN ORACLE PL/SQL? (USING OUT PARAMETERS)
 
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This video tutorial explains how an oracle procedure can return multiple values with a proper example. The video tutorial shows how this problem can be tacked using simple and easy to understand out parameters!!!
Views: 11963 Kishan Mashru
How to return multiple values from a function in oracle pl/sql ? (without using out parameter)
 
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This video demonstrates how a function can return multiple values to the calling environment, but without using multiple out parameters, the video shows an example on how we can create a object, a nested table based on the object and then returning the nested table type from the function.
Views: 17670 Kishan Mashru
Ask TOM Office Hours: Fetching Single Rows in PL/SQL
 
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Held on April 3 2018 An exploration of the nuances of fetching a single row. You have a number of implementation choices and it is definitely not a one-size-fits-all. Steven reviewed the most common options (implicit cursor (SELECT-INTO), explicit cursor, cursor FOR loop) and touched on dynamic SQL. He then answered questions about options for multi-row fetching, table operator and table functions and more. Here's a quick guide to the highlights: First 12 minutes: some philosophical musings and an overview of single row fetching 12:30 - Explicit Cursors 14:45 - Declaring records based on explicit cursors 16:15 - The benefits and drawbacks of the cursor FOR loop (for single row fetches) 19:42 - Multi-row fetching options 24:00 - Table operator and table functions 31:15 - Use LiveSQL as source of examples AskTOM Office Hours offers free, monthly training and tips on how to make the most of Oracle Database, from Oracle product managers, developers and evangelists. https://asktom.oracle.com/ https://developer.oracle.com https://cloud.oracle.com/en_US/tryit music: bensound.com
Views: 493 Oracle Developers
SQL DISTINCT Within a SELECT - Retrieving Unique Values
 
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Jamie King of Neumont University demonstrating use of DISTINCT within a SQL SELECT command.
Views: 21701 Jamie King
Oracle Database11g tutorials 10 ||  SQL Single Row Function (SQL Functions )
 
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Single row functions Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from The Code makers ============================================ in this oracle database tutorial we will see what are SQL FUNCTIONS. SQL functions are divided into two categories 1st is Single Row Functions And another one is Multiple row function which is also known as aggregate functions. But in today's SQL tutorial we will concentrate on Single Row Functions. Single-row functions operate on one row at a time and return one row of output for each input row. Single row functions are capable of manipulating data items and modifying the data types. Single row functions return one result per row and act on each row that is returned. Single row functions can accept one or more arguments and return one value. These arguments can be a column or an expression. With oracle we have 5 types of Single Row Functions 1. Character Functions 2. Number Functions 3. General Functions 4. Conversion Functions and 5. Date Functions. Character Functions are further divided into two categories. 1st is Case- manipulation functions and 2nd is Character Manipulation functions. We have 3 case manipulation functions Lower, upper and initcap and 7 character manipulation functions Sql functions concat, substr, length, instr, lpad, rpad, trim and replace. In our future video we will see what these functions are and what they do along with other SQL function. That's it for today's sql tutorial. Hope you enjoyed watching. Please don't forget to subscribe and like. Have a good day. This is Manish.
Views: 92174 Manish Sharma
SQL Server except operator
 
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sql except example sql except operator example sql server except example sql server except order by sql server except clause SQL Server except operator In this video we will discuss SQL Server except operator with examples. EXCEPT operator returns unique rows from the left query that aren’t in the right query’s results. Introduced in SQL Server 2005 The number and the order of the columns must be the same in all queries The data types must be same or compatible This is similar to minus operator in oracle Let us understand this with an example. SQL Script to create the tables Create Table TableA ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10) ) Go Insert into TableA values (1, 'Mark', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (2, 'Mary', 'Female') Insert into TableA values (3, 'Steve', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (4, 'John', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (5, 'Sara', 'Female') Go Create Table TableB ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10) ) Go Insert into TableB values (4, 'John', 'Male') Insert into TableB values (5, 'Sara', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (6, 'Pam', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (7, 'Rebeka', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (8, 'Jordan', 'Male') Go Notice that the following query returns the unique rows from the left query that aren’t in the right query’s results. Select Id, Name, Gender From TableA Except Select Id, Name, Gender From TableB To retrieve all of the rows from Table B that does not exist in Table A, reverse the two queries as shown below. Select Id, Name, Gender From TableB Except Select Id, Name, Gender From TableA You can also use Except operator on a single table. SQL script to create tblEmployees table Create table tblEmployees ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(100), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert into tblEmployees values ('Mark', 'Male', 52000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Mary', 'Female', 55000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Steve', 'Male', 45000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('John', 'Male', 40000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Sara', 'Female', 48000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Pam', 'Female', 60000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Tom', 'Male', 58000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('George', 'Male', 65000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Tina', 'Female', 67000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Ben', 'Male', 80000) Go Except operator on a single table Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 50000 Except Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 60000 Order By clause should be used only once after the right query Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 50000 Except Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 60000 order By Name Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/sql-server-except-operator.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/adsbygoogle-window.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 38827 kudvenkat
TSQL: Get Last Row of Data In A Table
 
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Return the final row of data in a table
Views: 6469 SQLInSix Minutes
PL/SQL tutorial | Cursor in Oracle Database 11g Complete guide
 
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Learn in depth about cursor in oracle database 11g, and why to use cursor.Writing Implicit cursor and explicit cursor following using 'for loop' inside cursor to fetch multiple records from oracle database. Cursor in Oracle Cursor in PL/SQL Oracle Cursor PL/SQL Cursor What is cursor in PL/SQL How to use cursor in PL/SQL Implicit cursor in PL/SQL Explicit cursor in PL/SQL A cursor is a pointer to this context area. PL/SQL controls the context area through a cursor. A cursor holds the rows (one or more) returned by a SQL statement. The set of rows the cursor holds is referred to as the active set. Implicit Cursors Implicit cursors are automatically created by Oracle whenever an SQL statement is executed, when there is no explicit cursor for the statement. Programmers cannot control the implicit cursors and the information in it. %FOUND Returns TRUE if an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement affected one or more rows or a SELECT INTO statement returned one or more rows. Otherwise, it returns FALSE. %NOTFOUND The logical opposite of %FOUND. It returns TRUE if an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement affected no rows, or a SELECT INTO statement returned no rows. Otherwise, it returns FALSE. %ISOPEN Always returns FALSE for implicit cursors, because Oracle closes the SQL cursor automatically after executing its associated SQL statement. %ROWCOUNT Returns the number of rows affected by an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement, or returned by a SELECT INTO statement. Explicit Cursors Explicit cursors are programmer-defined cursors for gaining more control over the context area. An explicit cursor should be defined in the declaration section of the PL/SQL Block. It is created on a SELECT Statement which returns more than one row Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
Views: 2090 Specialize Automation
SQL Tutorial 12 Advanced Subqueries returning multiple columns
 
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SQL Tutorial on Advanced Subqueries returning multiple columns Check out our website: http://www.telusko.com Follow Telusko on Twitter: https://twitter.com/navinreddy20 Follow on Facebook: Telusko : https://www.facebook.com/teluskolearnings Navin Reddy : https://www.facebook.com/navintelusko Follow Navin Reddy on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/navinreddy20 Subscribe to our other channel: Navin Reddy : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxmkk8bMSOF-UBF43z-pdGQ?sub_confirmation=1 Telusko Hindi : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCitzw4ROeTVGRRLnCPws-cw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 53277 Telusko
HOW TO IDENTIFY AND DELETE DUPLICATE ROWS USING ROWID AND GROUPBY IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video demonstrates examples on how to find and delete duplicate records from a table. The video gives simple and easy to understand examples on finding duplicate records from a table using group by and having clause and row_number function. It also shows the ways in which duplicates can be deleted very efficiently using the rowid of that record. You can get the code from our website http://oracleplsqlblog.com/FullBlog/FullBlog/21
Views: 8712 Kishan Mashru
Oracle LISTAGG Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-listagg/ The Oracle LISTAGG function allows you to aggregate or combine string values from multiple rows into a single row. For example, it turns this data: FIRST_NAME Adam Brad Carrie Into this data: FIRST_NAME Adam, Brad, Carrie The same data is shown, but it’s in one row and not multiple. It’s a valuable string manipulation function, and once you know what it is and how it works, you’ll be able to use it in your queries as needed. So what does it look like? The function is: LISTAGG ( measure_expr [, delimiter]) WITHIN GROUP (order_by_clause) [OVER query_partition_clause] These parameters are: measure_expr: This is a column or expression that you want to concatenate the values of. In the example above, it was the first_name column. Mandatory. delimiter: This is the character between each of the measure_expr values. Optional, the default is a comma. order_by_clause: This is the order that the values from the measure_expr are listed. Mandatory. query_partition_clause: This allows you to use LISTAGG as an analytic function, allowing you to show LISTAGG in groups for different rows. One thing to be aware of is that the output of the Oracle LISTAGG function is limited to 4,000 bytes. If you get more than this, you’ll receive an error. The most common way around this that I’ve seen is to write a custom function and use a CLOB. Watch the video to find out more and see some examples. For more information about the Oracle LISTAGG function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-listagg/
Views: 2371 Database Star
sub Query Multipe Row Return Single row
 
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sub Query Multipe Row Return Single row Left join Sub Query In Nepali Language
Views: 71 Shivashwor Joshi
Find Duplicate Rows in SQL - Select Statement Tutorial
 
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Find duplicate row values in a field or multiple fields in SQL Server table with this tutorial. Do this for one column, or multiple columns. Uses SQL Server Management Studio for the demonstration.
Views: 41863 Edward Kench
Row Number function in SQL Server
 
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sql server row_number example sql server row number by partition sql server row_number over partition by order by In this video we will discuss Row_Number function in SQL Server. This is continuation to Part 108. Please watch Part 108 from SQL Server tutorial before proceeding. Row_Number function Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns the sequential number of a row starting at 1 ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, row number is reset to 1 when the partition changes Syntax : ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2) Row_Number function without PARTITION BY : In this example, data is not partitioned, so ROW_NUMBER will provide a consecutive numbering for all the rows in the table based on the order of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY Gender) AS RowNumber FROM Employees Please note : If ORDER BY clause is not specified you will get the following error The function 'ROW_NUMBER' must have an OVER clause with ORDER BY Row_Number function with PARTITION BY : In this example, data is partitioned by Gender, so ROW_NUMBER will provide a consecutive numbering only for the rows with in a parttion. When the partition changes the row number is reset to 1. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Gender) AS RowNumber FROM Employees Use case for Row_Number function : Deleting all duplicate rows except one from a sql server table. Discussed in detail in Part 4 of SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers video series. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/rownumber-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/rownumber-function-in-sql-server_30.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 77308 kudvenkat
PL/SQL: Cursors using FOR loop
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn h.ow to write a cursor using for loop and the advantage of it. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 17375 radhikaravikumar
Part 6   Transform rows into columns in sql server
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-6-transform-rows-into-columns-in.html This is another common sql server interview question. We will be using Countries table in this example. SQL to create the table Create Table Countries ( Country nvarchar(50), City nvarchar(50) ) GO Insert into Countries values ('USA','New York') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Houston') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Dallas') Insert into Countries values ('India','Hyderabad') Insert into Countries values ('India','Bangalore') Insert into Countries values ('India','New Delhi') Insert into Countries values ('UK','London') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Birmingham') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Manchester') Here is the interview question. Write a sql query to transpose rows to columns. Using PIVOT operator we can very easily transform rows to columns. Select Country, City1, City2, City3 From ( Select Country, City, 'City'+ cast(row_number() over(partition by Country order by Country) as varchar(10)) ColumnSequence from Countries ) Temp pivot ( max(City) for ColumnSequence in (City1, City2, City3) ) Piv
Views: 184054 kudvenkat
ORACLE SQL AND PL/SQL INTERVIEW QUESTION : DELETE DUPLICATE RECORDS FROM  A TABLE(3 ways)
 
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This video tutorial demonstrates about how we can delete duplicate records from a table, the video shows 3 different ways to delete duplicate record from a table, one using Group by, second one by using correlated joins and third on by using rownum analytical function You can get the code from our website http://oracleplsqlblog.com/FullBlog/FullBlog/21
Views: 3740 Kishan Mashru
SQL Aggregation queries using Group By, Sum, Count and Having
 
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From SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros (Vol2) ch4.1. Learn up to write aggregated queries.
Views: 165897 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
Joins in Oracle (SQL) Explained in detail with practical examples
 
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The video demonstrates what are the different types of joins and who they work in SQL. The tutorial is a little elaborate to make sure that you understand different kind of joins and where you should use which kind of join. The 5 Kind of joins explained are. 1. Inner join (Join or simple join) :- Rows that are common to both tables are returned as the output. 2. Left Outer join (Left join):- Returns all rows from the left table along with matching rows from the right table 3.Right Outer join (Right join):- Returns all rows from the right table along with matching rows from the left table 4.Full outer join (Full join) :- Returns all the records when there is a match in either left or right table. 5. Cartesian Join : (Join with no where condition)also known as a Cartesian product, is a join of every row of one table to every row of another table.
Views: 6213 Tech Coach
Part 1   How to find nth highest salary in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-1-how-to-find-nth-highest-salary_17.html This is a very common SQL Server Interview Question. There are several ways of finding the nth highest salary. By the end of this video, we will be able to answer all the following questions as well. How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a Sub-Query How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a CTE How to find the 2nd, 3rd or 15th highest salary Let's use the following Employees table for this demo Use the following script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int primary key identity, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', 'Pound', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Philip', 'Hastings', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values ('Valarie', 'Vikings', 'Female', 35000) Insert into Employees values ('John', 'Stanmore', 'Male', 80000) GO To find the highest salary it is straight forward. We can simply use the Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees To get the second highest salary use a sub query along with Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees where Salary [ (Select Max(Salary) from Employees) To find nth highest salary using Sub-Query SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM ( SELECT DISTINCT TOP N SALARY FROM EMPLOYEES ORDER BY SALARY DESC ) RESULT ORDER BY SALARY To find nth highest salary using CTE WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS DENSERANK FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE DENSERANK = N To find 2nd highest salary we can use any of the above queries. Simple replace N with 2. Similarly, to find 3rd highest salary, simple replace N with 3. Please Note: On many of the websites, you may have seen that, the following query can be used to get the nth highest salary. The below query will only work if there are no duplicates. WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS ROWNUMBER FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE ROWNUMBER = 3
Views: 860178 kudvenkat
How to find nth Highest Salary in SQL ( 6 Methods )
 
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This video describes how to find out nth highest salary, different / various methods / ways/types to find nth highest/lowest salary/income value using SQL server.Simple ways to get/extract particular amount.It give brief explanation with live/real time/practical examples.This is one of the most interview question in SQL. How to retrieve nth position of record of from table? , SQL Server interview question and answers.Query to select top max salary from given table.
Views: 27044 Tech Jago
Return multiple values from function in PLSQL
 
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To return multiple value from a function table type objects are used.
Views: 5859 Abhaya Kumar Behera
Select and Where: Databases for Developers #4
 
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You query a database table with a select statement. But unless you provide a where clause, this will return you all the rows! That's a lot for you to sift through if your table has millions, billions or trillions of rows. In this episode Chris discusses common conditions for filtering rows so the database only returns what you need. Further reading: Oracle Database 12.2 select syntax: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/SELECT.htm#SQLRF01702 Oracle Database Concepts Guide on Select: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/CNCPT/sql.htm#GUID-702909E1-B214-4D30-A0F9-5A4335C2BA4A Take the Databases for Developers FREE SQL course at https://devgym.oracle.com/devgym/database-for-developers.html Daily SQL tips on Twitter: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily Chris on Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon All Things SQL Blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 5633 The Magic of SQL
Oracle COUNT Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-count/ The Oracle COUNT function is used to count the number of rows from the column, or number of values, provided to it. It’s commonly used to find the number of rows returned by a SELECT query. The syntax of the COUNT function is: COUNT ( [ * | [ DISTINCT | ALL ] expression) [ over (analytic_clause) ] There’s a lot of square brackets here, indicating optional parameters and choices. This just means you can use the COUNT function in a few different ways: COUNT(*) COUNT(DISTINCT expression) COUNT(ALL expression) COUNT(*) OVER (analytic_clause) COUNT(DISTINCT expression) OVER (analytic_clause) COUNT(ALL expression) OVER (analytic_clause) It can be used as an aggregate or analytic function. The parameters of the COUNT function are: - expression: The expression to count the values of. This can be a column or a set of values, for example. - analytic_clause: This is used to specify the criteria for an analytic query. COUNT(*) is the most common way to use this function, I’ve found. As COUNT(*) is an aggregate function, like all aggregate functions the columns mentioned in the SELECT clause need to exist in the GROUP BY clause. NULL values are ignored by COUNT(expression), but they are counted when using COUNT(*). COUNT(*) has the exact same calculation and performance as COUNT(1). For more information about the Oracle COUNT function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-count/
Views: 133 Database Star
Oracle tutorial : Pseudo columns in Oracle PL SQL (pseudo column)
 
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Oracle tutorial : Pseudo columns in Oracle PL SQL ( pseudocolumn ) oracle tutorial for beginners rownum in oracle This video will show you what is Pseudo columns in Oracle PL SQL. Pseudo columns are likes ROWNUM, ROENUM, ROWID, NEXTVAL,SYSDTAE , USER etc. pseudocolumn examples Oracle tutorial : Pseudo columns in oracle Oracle supports several special-purpose data elements that are not actually contained in a table, but are available for use in SQL statements. Here is a partial list of pseudo-columns in Oracle a)CURRVAL : When using Oracle SEQUENCE values, the pseudo-column CURRVAL returns the current value of the sequence. for example: schema.sequence_name.CURRVAL b)NEXTVAL :When using Oracle SEQUENCE values, the pseudo-column NEXTVAL returns the next value of the sequence and causes the sequence to increment by one. for example: schema.sequence_name.NEXTVAL c)ROWNUM:ROWNUM returns a number indicating the order in which a row was selected from a table. d)ROWID: ROWID returns the rowid (binary address) of a row in a database table. e)USER :This pseudo-column will always contain the Oracle username under which you are connected to the database. f)SYSDATE:This pseudo-column will contain the current date and time. This column is a standard Oracle DATE datatype. The value represents the current time on the server not the client. For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 1396 Tech Query Pond
How to get random rows from SQL Server Table - TSQL Tutorial Part 117
 
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SQL Server / T-SQL Tutorial Scenario: How to get random rows from SQL Server Table Scenario: You are working as SQL Server developer. You are asked to provide sample random data from dbo.Customer table. You might asked to provide random 100 rows or some percent of total data from table. What query you will use to provide required output? Solution: In previous post, we learnt how to get top n rows from table. We can either provide row count or percent of records we want to get from a table by using TOP in our select query. We can use the same Top clause but as we are asked to provide the random records, we need to sort them randomly first. We can use newid() function in order by clause to sort them randomly. Link to scripts used in SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2016/06/how-to-get-random-rows-from-sql-server.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 4904 TechBrothersIT
SQL Tutorial - 13: Inserting Data Into a Table From Another Table
 
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In this tutorial we'll learn to use the INSERT Query to copy data from one table into another.
Views: 241191 The Bad Tutorials
Find duplicate records by using Group by and Having clause in SQL Server - TSQL Tutorial Part 132
 
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How to find duplicate records by using Group by and Having clause in SQL Server Scenario: You are working as SQL Server developer. You need to write the query for dbo.Customer table that should return the duplicate records and count of duplicate record. Solution: You can use Group by and Count aggregate function to find all the duplicate records in table and count. Let's say that we have dbo.Customer table with below definition and data. We would like to find the record if it is duplicate by columns FName,LName and CountryShortName. Link to scripts used in SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2017/03/how-to-find-duplicate-records-by-using.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server 2016 DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 2962 TechBrothersIT
22. Insert multiple records in one or more tables at once in PL/SQL Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about Insert multiple records in one or more tables at once in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 9530 ITORIAN
31. Outer Join - (Left Outer Join, Right Outer Join and Full Outer Join) in Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about Outer Join in Oracle. Outer Join is categorized into three joins Left Outer Join, Right Outer Join and Full Outer Join. You will see how various Outer Join query works against two different tables. Lets look at its definitions: Outer Join: This join returns all the rows from one table and only those rows from second table which meets the condition. Left Outer Join: Returns all the rows from left table(ie, first table) and rows that meet the condition from second table. All the rows from left table and only matching rows from the right table. Right Outer Join: Returns all the rows from right table(ie, second table) and rows that meet the condition from first table. All rows from right table and only matching rows from the left table. Full Outer Join: Combines the results of both left and right outer joins. Non-matching records from both the tables will be left blank. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 24985 ITORIAN
Read from (SELECT) Database table - SQLite3 with Python 3 part 3
 
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In the previous tutorials, we've covered creating a database and populating one, now we need to learn how to read from the database. Reading from a database is where the power of using something like SQLite over a flat file starts to make sense. While we can query the entire table, we can instead just query a single column, or even based on specific row values. Let's see what I mean sample code and text tutorial: https://pythonprogramming.net/sqlite-part-3-reading-database-python/ Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQVvvaa0QuDezJh0sC5CqXLKZTSKU1YNo https://pythonprogramming.net https://twitter.com/sentdex https://www.facebook.com/pythonprogramming.net/ https://plus.google.com/+sentdex
Views: 78725 sentdex
SQL Inner Join Multiple Tables with SUM Tutorial - SQL 2008/2012/2016/2017
 
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Use inner joins with multiple tables to create reports. Uses aliases, and the SUM aggregate function to demonstrate the flexibility of the join statement. Get the SQL script to create the database and run the exercies in the video here: https://www.qewbi.com/sql/scripts/qewbijoins.zip
Views: 133293 Edward Kench
SQL Concatenate All Rows Into A String
 
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Combine all rows into a single string adventure works example. This method uses coalesce to remove the leading comma. Easier than for xml path in my opinion. For XML path example(next video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QwPjbQosjgw
Views: 2726 Blake B
Rank and Dense Rank in SQL Server
 
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rank and dense_rank example difference between rank and dense_rank with example rank vs dense_rank in sql server 2008 sql server difference between rank and dense_rank In this video we will discuss Rank and Dense_Rank functions in SQL Server Rank and Dense_Rank functions Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns a rank starting at 1 based on the ordering of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, rank is reset to 1 when the partition changes Difference between Rank and Dense_Rank functions Rank function skips ranking(s) if there is a tie where as Dense_Rank will not. For example : If you have 2 rows at rank 1 and you have 5 rows in total. RANK() returns - 1, 1, 3, 4, 5 DENSE_RANK returns - 1, 1, 2, 3, 4 Syntax : RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions without PARTITION BY clause : In this example, data is not partitioned, so RANK() function provides a consecutive numbering except when there is a tie. Rank 2 is skipped as there are 2 rows at rank 1. The third row gets rank 3. DENSE_RANK() on the other hand will not skip ranks if there is a tie. The first 2 rows get rank 1. Third row gets rank 2. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions with PARTITION BY clause : Notice when the partition changes from Female to Male Rank is reset to 1 SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees Use case for RANK and DENSE_RANK functions : Both these functions can be used to find Nth highest salary. However, which function to use depends on what you want to do when there is a tie. Let me explain with an example. If there are 2 employees with the FIRST highest salary, there are 2 different business cases 1. If your business case is, not to produce any result for the SECOND highest salary, then use RANK function 2. If your business case is to return the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary, then use DENSE_RANK function Since we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Rank() function will not return any rows for the SECOND highest Salary. WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 Though we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Dense_Rank() function returns, the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 You can also use RANK and DENSE_RANK functions to find the Nth highest Salary among Male or Female employee groups. The following query finds the 3rd highest salary amount paid among the Female employees group WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, Gender, DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 3 AND Gender = 'Female' Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server_1.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 71892 kudvenkat
Oracle Database11g tutorials 13 || SQL substr function / SQL substring function
 
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link of SQL substr blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-substr-function.htm SQL substr function SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- As the name suggests SQL Substr function will return substring from a given source string. Let's see the Syntax Substr (source_string, start_pos, Substr_length) As we can see SQL substr function takes 3 parameters. First one is Source string from which you want to extract the segment. Second parameter is Starting position for sub string from the Source string. And the third parameter is Substr_length which is the length for the substring. First two parameters are mandatory to specify while third one is optional. So we can say. SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. First parameter source string can be of any data type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB whereas both start_pos, Substr_length parameters must be number data type. The returning result of SQL Substr function is of same data type of source string. Let's see an example of SQL Substr function. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,14) FROM dual; Here in this query url of my website www.RebellionRider.com is our source string with the total length of 22 characters, Now, I want to extract the name of my website that is, RebellionRider. So if you count the total length of the name of the website, it is 14. That's why I have specified 14 as my third parameter of SQL Substr function which is substr_length. Also the name of the website RebellionRider is starting from 5th position therefore I have specified 5 at second parameter of SQL substr function which is strt_pos or starting position. Execute it. Here is our result RebellionRider When starting position is larger than the length of source string. In this case SQL Substr function will return NULL as a result. Let's do an example. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',23,14) FROM dual; As you can see here I have specified 23 at starting position and the total length of our source string is 22 characters Let's execute And the result is Null. Second scenario When the Substr_length is greater than source string In this case the segment return is the substring from starting position to the end of the string. For example SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,23) FROM dual; Our starting position is at 5 means at the first R of RebellionRider and length of substring is set to 23 which is greater than the length of source string that is 22. Execute. As you can see we get a substring from first R of RebellionRider till the end of the source String. Third scenario When you supply numeric or arithmetic expression or a DATE instead of character as Source string to SQL Substr function In this scenario If you have supplied a numeric string instead of character as source string, the oracle engine casts them as a character when they occur as parameter to SQL Substr function. And if you have supplied Arithmetic expression or a DATE then The Oracle engine first solves or evaluates the Arithmetic expression or the DATE Then casts them as a character. Means if you have arithmetic expression in your source string then oracle will first solve it and then change or say cast the value of its result into character. Let's see some example. SELECT substr(50000-7,2,4) FROM dual; Oracle first evaluates the arithmetic expression that is 50000-7 equals to 49993. And then oracle engine casts this result 49993 into a character string. Means 49993 will be a 5 characters string. Starting position of substring is 2, that means from the first 9 of 49993 We specified the length of substring is 4 so we must get 9993 as our result. Let's check execute
Views: 78806 Manish Sharma
Oracle NVL Function Explained with Examples
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/ The Oracle NVL function allows you to check a value and return a different value if that value is NULL. It’s great for using another value if the first one is NULL or an optional value, for example people’s phone numbers. It’s also good alongside aggregate functions and grouping so you can see what the difference is between a subtotal row and an actual NULL value. The syntax of the Oracle NVL function is: NVL( check_value, replace_value ) The parameters are: - check_value (mandatory): This is the value that is displayed to the user. It is also the value that is checked for NULL. - replace_value (mandatory): This is the value that appears if the check_value is NULL. The function can use many different data types as parameters: string, date, or numeric. However, both parameters need to be the same type. For more information about the Oracle NVL function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/
Views: 201 Database Star
FUNCTIONS IN ORACLE PL/SQL (basic to advance examples)
 
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This video is to understand how to create an oracle pl/sql function, the video demonstrates the use of in, out and in out parameter types. The video also explains on how to call a function from a pl/sql block and from a select statement.
Views: 3667 Kishan Mashru
Order By & Top-N: Databases for Developers #12
 
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To guarantee your queries return rows in a particular sequence, you must use an order by! This episode shows you how to do this and limit your results to the first N rows in an ordered set. Want to know more? Take the course: https://devgym.oracle.com/pls/apex/dg/class/databases-for-developers-next-level.html Order by clause documentation: https://docs.oracle.com/en/database/oracle/oracle-database/18/sqlrf/SELECT.html#GUID-CFA006CA-6FF1-4972-821E-6996142A51C6 Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ Videos produced by Philip Lima productions. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 975 The Magic of SQL
Oracle Tutorial ||onlinetraining||Single row Sub Queries Part - 1 by Srikanth
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
Subqueries in sql   Part 59
 
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In this video we will discuss about subqueries in sql server. Let us understand subqueris with an example. Please create the required tables and insert sample data using the script below. Create Table tblProducts ( [Id] int identity primary key, [Name] nvarchar(50), [Description] nvarchar(250) ) Create Table tblProductSales ( Id int primary key identity, ProductId int foreign key references tblProducts(Id), UnitPrice int, QuantitySold int ) Insert into tblProducts values ('TV', '52 inch black color LCD TV') Insert into tblProducts values ('Laptop', 'Very thin black color acer laptop') Insert into tblProducts values ('Desktop', 'HP high performance desktop') Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 5) Insert into tblProductSales values(2, 250, 7) Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 4) Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 9) Write a query to retrieve products that are not at all sold? This can be very easily achieved using subquery as shown below. Select [Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts where Id not in (Select Distinct ProductId from tblProductSales) Most of the times subqueries can be very easily replaced with joins. The above query is rewritten using joins and produces the same results. Select tblProducts.[Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts left join tblProductSales on tblProducts.Id = tblProductSales.ProductId where tblProductSales.ProductId IS NULL In this example, we have seen how to use a subquery in the where clause. Let us now discuss about using a sub query in the SELECT clause. Write a query to retrieve the NAME and TOTALQUANTITY sold, using a subquery. Select [Name], (Select SUM(QuantitySold) from tblProductSales where ProductId = tblProducts.Id) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts order by Name Query with an equivalent join that produces the same result. Select [Name], SUM(QuantitySold) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts left join tblProductSales on tblProducts.Id = tblProductSales.ProductId group by [Name] order by Name From these examples, it should be very clear that, a subquery is simply a select statement, that returns a single value and can be nested inside a SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE statement. It is also possible to nest a subquery inside another subquery. According to MSDN, subqueries can be nested upto 32 levels. Subqueries are always encolsed in paranthesis and are also called as inner queries, and the query containing the subquery is called as outer query. The columns from a table that is present only inside a subquery, cannot be used in the SELECT list of the outer query. Next Video: What to choose for performance? Queries that involve a subquery or a join Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/01/subqueries-in-sql-part-59.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-59-subqueries-in-sql-server.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 199457 kudvenkat
Aggregates and Group By: Databases for Developers #6
 
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Want to count how many rows your query returns? Or the number of orders per customer? Or find your fastest time to run races of 1k, 5k and 10k? You can answer all these questions in SQL using group by and aggregate functions. Watch this video to find out how! For a complete list of aggregate functions available in Oracle Database 12.2 g to: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Aggregate-Functions.htm#SQLRF20035 Take the Databases for Developers FREE SQL course at https://devgym.oracle.com/devgym/database-for-developers.html Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 4686 The Magic of SQL
Part 2   SQL query to get organization hierarchy
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-2-sql-query-to-get-organization.html To get the best out of this video, the following concepts need to be understood first. These are already discussed in SQL Server Tutorial. 1. Self-Join - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnYSN_7qwgg 2. CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXB5b-7HJHk 3. Recursive CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGoV0wTMCg0 Here is the problem definition: 1. Employees table contains the following columns a) EmployeeId, b) EmployeeName c) ManagerId 2. If an EmployeeId is passed, the query should list down the entire organization hierarchy i.e who is the manager of the EmployeeId passed and who is managers manager and so on till full hierarchy is listed. For example, Scenario 1: If we pass David's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from David. Scenario 2: If we pass Lara's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from Lara. We will be Employees table for this demo. SQL to create and populate Employees table with test data Create table Employees ( EmployeeID int primary key identity, EmployeeName nvarchar(50), ManagerID int foreign key references Employees(EmployeeID) ) GO Insert into Employees values ('John', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Tom', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Lara', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Simon', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('David', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Stacy', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Sam', NULL) GO Update Employees Set ManagerID = 8 Where EmployeeName IN ('Mark', 'Steve', 'Lara') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 2 Where EmployeeName IN ('Stacy', 'Simon') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 3 Where EmployeeName IN ('Tom') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 5 Where EmployeeName IN ('John', 'Sam') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 4 Where EmployeeName IN ('David') GO Here is the SQL that does the job Declare @ID int ; Set @ID = 7; WITH EmployeeCTE AS ( Select EmployeeId, EmployeeName, ManagerID From Employees Where EmployeeId = @ID UNION ALL Select Employees.EmployeeId , Employees.EmployeeName, Employees.ManagerID From Employees JOIN EmployeeCTE ON Employees.EmployeeId = EmployeeCTE.ManagerID ) Select E1.EmployeeName, ISNULL(E2.EmployeeName, 'No Boss') as ManagerName From EmployeeCTE E1 LEFT Join EmployeeCTE E2 ON E1.ManagerID = E2.EmployeeId
Views: 272989 kudvenkat
COALESCE Function in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
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ORACLE/PLSQL: COALESCE FUNCTION The Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function returns the first non-null expression in the list. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function is: coalesce( expr1, expr2, ... expr_n ) PARAMETERS: expr1 to expr_n are the expressions to test for non-null values. EXAMPLE: The COALESCE function can be used in Oracle/PLSQL. You could use the coalesce function in a SQL statement as follows: SELECT COALESCE( address1, address2, address3 ) result FROM suppliers; The above COALESCE function is equivalent to the following IF-THEN-ELSE statement: IF address1 is not null THEN result := address1; ELSIF address2 is not null THEN result := address2; ELSIF address3 is not null THEN result := address3; ELSE result := null; END IF; The COALESCE function will compare each value, one by one. Lets apply the same to emp table. We have some NULL values in comm and mgr columns. but not in any other columns. So lets take a example for this 2 columns. COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) Here if comm is null, function returns mgr value. If mgr is null it returns sal value! Query used in video: SELECT ename,comm,mgr,sal,COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) result FROM emp;
Views: 6255 WingsOfTechnology
Top 30 PLSQL interview questions and answers
 
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Most frequently asked questions: How to get distinct entries from the database? How to get results of any query which is sorted in any order? What is a mutating table error and how can you get around it? Describe the use of %ROWTYPE and %TYPE in PL/SQL What packages (if any) has Oracle provided for use by developers?Describe the use of PL/SQL tables When is a declare statement needed ? In what order should a open/fetch/loop set of commands in a PL/SQL block be implemented if you use the %NOTFOUND cursor variable in the exit when statement? Why? What are SQLCODE and SQLERRM and why are they important for PL/SQL developers? How can you find within a PL/SQL block, if a cursor is open? How can you generate debugging output from PL/SQL? What are the types of triggers? What are two parts of package ? what is the difference between to_char and to_date functions? How do you optimize SQL queries ? What are nested triggers ? What is a bitmap index? What is the usage of NVL? write a query for finding the length of the sting. please explain database architecture. How to get employee name from employee table which is the fifth highest salary of the table? Write a query to generate target column. Can we use out parameter in function? What will be the output for the below Query Select 'High' from dual where null = null; what is the difference between stored procedure and packaged procedure What are the steps you take to tune(performance tuning) the code in plsql? what is self join and how it works?? Can you alter procedure with in package? What is substr()&instr()? Difference between case and decode? Can you use sysdate in check constraints? If no, why? Difference between column level constraints & table level constraints? What is optimizer? What is nested_loop join? What is pivot operator? Tell me some oracle 10g features? What is m_view? What is master & detail tables? What is sqlcode and sqlerrm? Diff b/w procedure & packages? What are the dis_adv of packages? How to retrieve top 3 salaries from each departments? Can you update complex view? If no, why? When should rebuild one an index? Tell me some errors? Tell me some restrictions on cursor variables? What is context switching? What is bulk collect? What is nullif()? What is mutating error? What are the module's , you are working? Which will fire default first statement level or row level trigger? What is bulkcollect? And any restrictions in bulkcollect? What is the use of limit clause in bulkcollect? How to debugg your code? How to trace error handling? How to find which line error was raised? What are the methods there in save exceptions? What is functional based index? Write syntax? How to update complex view? Subscribe here : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCofhGV_j_4cVGa9R08MsuXQ
Views: 8454 Oracle PL/SQL
Grouping Functions in SQL Query Like AVG,SUM,MAX,MIN
 
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SQL COUNT (): This function returns the number of rows in the table that satisfies the condition specified in the WHERE condition. If the WHERE condition is not specified, then the query returns the total number of rows in the table. For Example: If you want the number of emps in a particular department, the query would be: SELECT COUNT (*) FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; If you want the total number of emps in all the department, the query would take the form: SELECT COUNT (*) FROM emp; SQL DISTINCT(): This function is used to select the distinct rows. For Example: If you want to select all distinct department names from emp table, the query would be: SELECT DISTINCT deptno FROM emp; To get the count of emps with unique name, the query would be: SELECT COUNT (DISTINCT name) FROM emp; SQL MAX(): This function is used to get the maximum value from a column. To get the maximum salary drawn by an emp, the query would be: SELECT MAX (salary) FROM emp; SQL MIN(): This function is used to get the minimum value from a column. To get the minimum salary drawn by an emp, he query would be: SELECT MIN (salary) FROM emp; SQL AVG(): This function is used to get the average value of a numeric column. To get the average salary, the query would be SELECT AVG (salary) FROM emp; SQL SUM(): This function is used to get the sum of a numeric column To get the total salary given out to the emps, SELECT SUM (salary) FROM emp;
Views: 11496 WingsOfTechnology

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