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G5/P6: Ocean Water Salinity & Salt Water Budget
 
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Language: Hindi, Topics Covered: 1. Salinity of ocean water: meaning 2. Salt budget of ocean water 3. Sources of salt in ocean water 4. Removal of salts from ocean water 5. Variation in salinity 6. Pattern in variation of salinity: comparison between equatorial water to tropical; comparison between northern and southern hemisphere 7. Local variation in salinity at ocean currents, enclosed sea, mouth of big rivers 8. Map: seas and mouth of big rivers- Mississippi into Gulf of Mexico, Amu Darya and Syr Darya into Aral sea , Black sea, Euphrates and Tigris into Persian gulf 9. Local variation in salinity: melting of glaciers 10. Vertical pattern of salinity Powerpoint available at http://Mrunal.org/download Exam-Utility: UPSC CSAT, CDS, CAPF Faculty Name: Ms. Rajtanil Solanki Venue: Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Satellite, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India
Views: 171310 Mrunal Patel
The evaporating Mediterranean Sea | BBC
 
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New David Attenborough series Dynasties coming soon! Watch the first trailer here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWI1eCbksdE --~-- Six million years ago the continents of Africa and Europe collided to close the Strait of Gibralter. Starved of water, the Mediterranean Sea evaporated to form a vast desert. The legacy of this vanished ocean? A million years' worth of salt deposited in mines half a kilimetre beneath the island of Sicily. Extraordinary footage taken from the ground-breaking BBC series Earth: The Power of the Planet. Visit http://www.bbcearth.com for all the latest animal news and wildlife videos and watch more high quality videos on the new BBC Earth YouTube channel here: http://www.youtube.com/bbcearth
Views: 390138 BBC Earth
Is the Dead Sea really dead?
 
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Because of its extremely high salt content, no animal or plant life can survive in the Dead Sea. So why do tourists from around the world flock to bathe in its deep blue waters? Clarissa Ward takes us on a trip to this exotic and unique destination.
Views: 2012244 CBS Sunday Morning
Gibraltar Breach.mov
 
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Six million years ago, the Mediterranean Sea nearly dried up during what is called the "Messinian Salinity Crisis". This movie shows a physics-based computer simulation of the breach of Gibraltar and the flood of the basin. A similar event 10,000 years ago, in the then populated Black Sea basin, may have been the source of the Noah's Arc narrative. For more tsunami and natural hazard information visit http://es.ucsc.edu/~ward.
Views: 855675 ingomar200
Eel Suffers Toxic Shock From Brine Pool | Blue Planet II
 
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New David Attenborough series Dynasties coming soon! Watch the first trailer here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWI1eCbksdE --~-- USA: Watch Blue Planet II on BBC America - 9pm Saturdays from 20th January 2018. Subscribe to BBC Earth for more amazing animal videos - http://bit.ly/BBCEarthSub *Eel Gets Toxic Shock From Brine Pool - Blue Planet II* This is an exclusive clip from the Deep episode of Blue Planet II. At the bottom of the ocean their are brine pools which have a salinity level three to eight times the usual sea level. When a Cutthroat eel gets too close it goes into toxic shock and twists and ties itself into knots, and is lucky to make it out alive. Watch more videos from BBC Earth: Blue Planet http://bit.ly/BluePlanetPlaylist Planet Earth http://bit.ly/PlanetEarthPlaylist Planet Earth II http://bit.ly/PlanetEarthIIPlaylist Planet Dinosaur http://bit.ly/PlanetDinoPlaylist Check out the other two channels in the BBC Earth network: BBC Earth Unplugged: http://bit.ly/BBCEarthUnplugged BBC Earth Lab: http://bit.ly/BBCEarthLabYouTubeChannel About BBC Earth The world is an amazing place full of stories, beauty and natural wonder. Jump in to BBC Earth's YouTube channel and meet your planet. You'll find 50 years worth of astounding, entertaining, thought-provoking and educational natural history content on here. Dramatic, rare, and exclusive, nature doesn't get more exciting than this. Subscribe to be the first to view new videos. And you can become part of the BBC community by checking out our BBC Earth Facebook page. Here you'll find the best natural history content from the web, exclusive videos and images and a thriving, vibrant community. This is a channel from BBC Worldwide who help fund new BBC programmes Service information and feedback: http://bbcworldwide.com/vod-feedback--contact-detailx Subscribe for more: http://bit.ly/BBCEarthSub You can also also find the BBC Earth community on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Want to share your views with the team behind BBC Earth and win prizes? Join our fan panel here: http://tinyurl.com/YouTube-BBCEarth-FanPanel This is a channel from BBC Studios who help fund new BBC programmes.
Views: 1709740 BBC Earth
salt level in aquarium : how to measure salinity : using a refractometer
 
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salt level in aquarium : how to measure salinity : using a refractometer. how to measure salt level (salinity) in a saltwater aquarium with a refractometer. My salinity is between 1.024 and 1.026. 1.026 is the salinity level of the ocean. lots of great info in this rotter tube reef video on salt and equipment to measure salinity. always make sure you use separate gear for your main tank and quarantine tank. you don't want to take the chance of infecting your main aquarium with parasites by using the same equipment. i soak my gear in fresh water for a week to kill all parasites. soaking for a minimum of 48 hours is recommended. rotter tube reef : saltwater aquarium care that's fun and honest. SUBSCRIBE to my channel for new videos every Saturday. Thanks for watching! Airport Lounge - Disco Ultralounge by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100806 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Saltwater aquarium care videos that are fun and honest. New saltwater tank videos every Saturday on YouTube. JOIN THE ROTTER TUBE REEF GROUP ON FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1417920401638328/ GEAR I USE: KILL GREEN HAIR ALGAE with FOOD GRADE 35% HYDROGEN PEROXIDE. Dose 1ml per 10 gallons every other day. https://amzn.to/2HBuXGn https://amzn.to/2qd8IPn Finnex LED Aquarium light: https://amzn.to/2wOlbie 100% Pure Magnesium: https://amzn.to/2GLHbPa SYPHON to vacuum sandbed: https://amzn.to/2GK8i9k Ecotech Marine MP40W: https://amzn.to/2EqND8s Measure Master Syringe: https://amzn.to/2qeIrQL Turkey baster for cleaning live rock: https://amzn.to/2ryR20H saltwater tank maintenance gloves: https://amzn.to/2IuWrwp Seachem Cupramine Copper to kill ich: http://amzn.to/2idhGYG Copper Test Kit: https://amzn.to/2HAEuR0 Miracle Mud (Marine) 5 lb: http://amzn.to/2DDvzsl Red Sea Coral Pro Salt: http://amzn.to/2kjlnAa Aquarium Filter Media: http://amzn.to/2zXMXtD 3ft X 1 Flex Hose by Eshopps: http://amzn.to/2idXO7N Microbacter7: http://amzn.to/2kiLfMK VINYL BLACK TUBING: http://amzn.to/2jFXdvV T5 LIGHT: http://amzn.to/2idMWGK Instant Ocean Sea Salt: http://amzn.to/2jHipkW Rio Plus 2500 return pump: http://amzn.to/2idMaK5 New Life Spectrum fish food:http://amzn.to/2jIcQCT FOAM FILTER: http://amzn.to/2AEXMQV Stainless Steel Algae Scraper: http://amzn.to/2idO9y1 Blue Yeti USB Microphone: http://amzn.to/2iaIKaW EHEIM Jager Heater: http://amzn.to/2Ato7PE Seachem Ammonia Alert: http://amzn.to/2ibD3JB Tripp Lite 7 Outlet Surge Protector: http://amzn.to/2kjnh3M Two Little Fishies Seaweed food: http://amzn.to/2AEZBNL My favorite Protein Skimmer: http://amzn.to/2jJ6V0C Marineland Canister Filter: https://amzn.to/2Gl49YF INSTAGRAM : rotter_photography Twitter: @rotter_tube http://www.rottertubereef.com http://www.steverotter.com ROTTER TUBE videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5cGs4ueI8A&list=PLD281336C1CA27181 NO MORE SUMP SOCKS: ROTTER TUBE filter: http://www.rottertubereef.com View the Rotter Tube: https://youtu.be/bwDfmMXxqC4 https://youtu.be/a_zdJ9aXCQg My eBook is available on Amazon: How to kill ich and marine velvet parasites in your saltwater aquarium FOREVER. http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01C3RQO02
Views: 15524 Rotter Tube Reef
Farming With Salty Water Is Possible
 
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One of the many adverse effects of global climate change is the rise of sea levels, which scientists say can increase the salinity level of fresh water reserves. As saline water cannot be used for irrigation, farm fields close to the seashore are lost to agriculture. But a farm in Netherlands has managed to grow healthy and tasty vegetables in soil irrigated with salt water. VOA’s George Putic reports. Originally published at - http://www.voanews.com/media/video/farming-with-salty-water-is-possible/2509863.html
Views: 188326 VOA News
Atlantic and Pacific oceans joining at a point in mid ocean but do not mix each other | Unbelievable
 
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On the temperature, salinity, and density differences between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans in the upper kilometre. Abstract The surface of the Pacific Ocean stands about 40 cm higher than the Atlantic Ocean with respect to the 1000-decibar surface, and the North Atlantic and North Pacific stand respectively about 14 and 17 cm higher than the South Atlantic and Pacific. The North Atlantic is warmest and saltiest, the South Atlantic is coldest and densest, and the North Pacific is least dense and least salty. The extreme values in temperature and salinity of the North Atlantic are probably related to the formation of the deep water there, which carries away from the upper layer the cold water of relatively low salinity. If this water spreads into the South Atlantic at depth and is replaced with warm saline surface water from the South Atlantic via the South Equatorial Current and the Gulf Stream, then the South Atlantic should be substantially cooler and less salty. The difference in density and sea level of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans may stem from the difference in latitude of the southern tips of America, Africa, and Australia, and the constriction of the west wind drift at Drake Strait. Only the densest surface waters of the Pacific pass through to the Atlantic, while lighter waters from lower latitudes of the South Atlantic pass eastward south of Africa. Further, the constriction of the flow by Drake Strait may result in a higher sea level on the Pacific side through the effect of Windstau (Montgomery, 1938). The density difference between the southern and northern oceans may be partly a consequence of the west wind drift around Antarctica. This is the greatest current of all oceans. Its flow is approximately geostrophically balanced and the surface slopes down to the south. The northern west wind drifts are not so strong, are at lower latitudes, and the high latitude flow is westward with slope upward to the north. These differences are not confined to the upper thousand metres. The average density difference between the Atlantic and the Pacific from the surface to the bottom is about 17 × 10−5 g/cm3. Referred to some deep surface such as 4000 decibars, the Pacific stands about 68 cm higher than the Atlantic.
Views: 740860 EE
Fresh Water Meets Sea Water – Boundary Explained
 
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This is the Fraser River Delta just in front of Vancouver BC Canada, this is where sea water meets fresh water. The river water from Fraser River, flowing into the ocean water of the Strait of Georgia. Modern Science has discovered that in the places where two different bodies meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier creates a noticeable line, as each water body has its own temperature, salinity, and density. If you go on google earth and look up Fraser River or Sea Island which is an airport right at the water edge, you will see this boundary line stretching for miles. Thanks for watching ★★ Please CLICK THE NOTIFICATION BELL! ★★ Some subscribers aren't being shown our videos unless they click the notification bell next to the subscribe button. ___________________________________________________________________ CREDIT LINKS ► Maryan Pearson Youtube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRcy6Po5q_VDeh6nfQWrb8w ► Maryan Pearson Video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sMHM3enq38 ► Marlin Magazine Youtube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwE2V-O-O_3Wrp03GlDz8Ag ► Marlin Magazine Video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=czd20tdEDUE ____________________________________________________________________ ► Wonder World Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/wonderworld.ytc.10 ► Wonder World Twitter - https://twitter.com/WonderWorld_YTC For business enquiries, content submission or copyright concerns or disputes, please contact me.
Views: 14046 Wonder World
The Dead Sea is drying up at an alarming rate
 
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The Dead Sea has already lost more than one third of its surface area over the years. The water level is currently dropping by over 1 meter every year and its shoreline is expected to drop from 411 meters to 430 meters below sea level by 2020, according to the environmentalist group EcoPeace Middle East. Traditionally, the Jordan River is the Dead Sea’s inflow source. However, 50 years ago it was diverted to supply cities, reducing the water inflow level to the Dead Sea to just 5% of its original volume. The hot and dry climate of the region makes it difficult for the Dead Sea to restore itself. That added to the rapid loss of water has resulted in the increased salinity of the lake. The group also points out that the Dead Sea is threatened by cosmetic companies that extract mineral water from the region to make beauty products. Hotels and attractions built along the shoreline also release untreated sewage into the Dead Sea. Even though the Dead Sea does not have any wildlife in itself, the region around it is known for supporting several endangered species such as ibexes, leopards and the indigenous Dead Sea Sparrow. ----------------------------------------­­---------------------------------------­-­---------------- Next Animation Studio’s News Direct service provides daily, high-quality, informative 3D news animations that fill in for missing footage and help viewers understand breaking news stories or in-depth features on science, technology, and health. Sign up for a free trial of News Direct's news animations at http://newsdirect.nextanimation.com.tw/Reuters.aspx To subscribe to News Direct or for more info, please visit: http://newsdirect.nextanimation.com.tw/Index.aspx
Views: 266200 News Direct
Floating in the Dead Sea ...You Can't Sink!
 
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The Dead Sea (Hebrew: יָם הַמֶּלַח, Yam ha-Melah, "Sea of Salt", also Hebrew: יָם הַמָּוֶת, Yam ha-Mavet, "The Sea of Death", and Arabic: البحر الميت‎‎ About this sound Al-Bahr al-Mayyit (help·info)), also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west. Its surface and shores are 429 metres (1,407 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 304 m (997 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 34.2% salinity (in 2011), it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean, and one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which plants and animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 50 kilometers (31 mi) long and 15 kilometers (9 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and its main tributary is the Jordan River. The Dead Sea water has a density of 1.24 kg/liter, which makes swimming similar to floating. Biblical period- Dwelling in caves near the Dead Sea is recorded in the Hebrew Bible as having taken place before the Israelites came to Canaan, and extensively at the time of King David. Just northwest of the Dead Sea is Jericho. Somewhere, perhaps on the southeastern shore, would be the cities mentioned in the Book of Genesis which were said to have been destroyed in the time of Abraham: Sodom and Gomorra (Genesis 18) and the three other "Cities of the Plain", Admah, Zeboim and Zoar (Deuteronomy 29:23). Zoar escaped destruction when Abraham's nephew Lot escaped to Zoar from Sodom (Genesis 19:21-22). Before the destruction, the Dead Sea was a valley full of natural tar pits, which was called the vale of Siddim. King David was said to have hidden from Saul at Ein Gedi nearby. In Ezekiel 47:8-9 there is a specific prophecy that the sea will ".. be healed and made fresh", becoming a normal lake capable of supporting marine life. A similar prophecy is stated in Zechariah 14:8, which says that "Living waters will go out from Jerusalem, half of them to the eastern sea (likely the Dead Sea) and half to the western sea (the Mediterranean)..." Greek and Roman period- Aristotle wrote about the remarkable waters. The Nabateans and others discovered the value of the globs of natural asphalt that constantly floated to the surface where they could be harvested with nets. The Egyptians were steady customers, as they used asphalt in the embalming process that created mummies. The Ancient Romans knew the Dead Sea as "Palus Asphaltites" (Asphalt Lake). King Herod the Great built or rebuilt several fortresses and palaces on the western bank of the Dead Sea. The most famous was Masada, where in 70 CE a small group of Jewish zealots fled after the fall of the destruction of the Second Temple. The zealots survived until 73 CE, when a siege by the X Legion ended in the deaths by suicide of its 960 inhabitants. Another historically important fortress was Machaerus (מכוור), on the eastern bank, where, according to Josephus, John the Baptist was imprisoned by Herod Antipas and died. Also in Roman times, some Essenes settled on the Dead Sea's western shore; Pliny the Elder identifies their location with the words, "on the west side of the Dead Sea, away from the coast ... [above] the town of Engeda" (Natural History, Bk 5.73); and it is therefore a hugely popular but contested hypothesis today, that same Essenes are identical with the settlers at Qumran and that "the Dead Sea Scrolls" discovered during the 20th century in the nearby caves had been their own library. Josephus identified the Dead Sea in geographic proximity to the ancient Biblical city of Sodom. However, he referred to the lake by its Greek name, Asphaltites. Various sects of Jews settled in caves overlooking the Dead Sea. The best known of these are the Essenes of Qumran, who left an extensive library known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. The town of Ein Gedi, mentioned many times in the Mishna, produced persimmon for the temple's fragrance and for export, using a secret recipe. "Sodomite salt" was an essential mineral for the temple's holy incense, but was said to be dangerous for home use and could cause blindness. The Roman camps surrounding Masada were built by Jewish slaves receiving water from the towns around the lake. These towns had drinking water from the Ein Feshcha springs and other sweetwater springs in the vicinity. Byzantine period- Intimately connected with the Judean wilderness to its northwest and west, the Dead Sea was a place of escape and refuge. The remoteness of the region attracted Greek Orthodox monks since the Byzantine era. Their monasteries, such as Saint George in Wadi Kelt and Mar Saba in the Judean Desert, are places of pilgrimage.
Amazing!! Where the Baltic and North Seas meet
 
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Amazing!! Where the Baltic and North Seas meet all about this channel in here https://goo.gl/D1zMrA In the resort town of Skagen you can watch an amazing natural phenomenon. This city is the northernmost point of Denmark, where the Baltic and North Seas meet. The two opposing tides in this place can not merge because they have different densities. The province of Skagen located in Denmark has witnessed the beauty of the convergence of the two seas. It is characterized by a clear line which separates the two water and shows a magnificent display of natural beauty. Also mentioned in holy Koran, this sea meet is due to the difference in density of both sea waters which appear as adividing line on the ocean. There is a clear difference in the color of the waters coming from two different seas. At the headland at Grenen, the northernmost point of Denmark, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea meet. Because of their different densities, a clear dividing line can be seen. As a result of turbulent seas, beachings and shipwrecks were common.These frequent losses combined with the town's strategic location as the gateway to the Baltic led to Skagen being the site of one of Denmark's earliest lighthouses.
Views: 118056 Video Lucu dan Unik
Caspian Sea
 
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The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. It is in an endorheic basin (it has no outflows) located between Europe and Asia. It is bounded to the northeast by Kazakhstan, to the northwest by Russia, to the west by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran, and to the southeast by Turkmenistan. The Caspian Sea lies to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia. Its northern part, the Caspian Depression, is one of the lowest points on Earth. The ancient inhabitants of its coast perceived the Caspian Sea as an ocean, probably because of its saltiness and large size. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (not including its detached lagoon of Garabogazköl Aylagy) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi). It has a salinity of approximately 1.2% (12 g/l), about a third of the salinity of most seawater.
Views: 4844 My Channels (global)
OG-30 | Salinity of Ocean & it's deposit |सागरीय लवणता और निक्षेप। For UPSC and state PSc
 
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Is video me hum mahasagariya jal ki salinity ke baare me padhenge . Topic Covered 1- Salinity 2- Cause of Salinity of water 3- Factors effecting Salinity of Ocean Water 4- Horizontal distribution of Salinity of Ocean 5 - Vertical distribution of Salinity of Ocean Factors Affecting Ocean Salinity The salinity of water in the surface layer of oceans depend mainly on evaporation and precipitation. Surface salinity is greatly influenced in coastal regions by the fresh water flow from rivers, and in polar regions by the processes of freezing and thawing of ice. Wind, also influences salinity of an area by transferring water to other areas. The ocean currents contribute to the salinity variations. Salinity, temperature and density of water are interrelated. Hence, any change in the temperature or density influences the salinity of an area. Horizontal distribution of salinity To make life easier, I will remove the symbol o/oo and place only number The salinity for normal open ocean ranges between 33 and 37. High salinity regions In the land locked Red Sea (don’t confuse this to Dead Sea which has much greater salinity), it is as high as 41. In hot and dry regions, where evaporation is high, the salinity sometimes reaches to 70. Comparatively Low salinity regions In the estuaries (enclosed mouth of a river where fresh and saline water get mixed) and the Arctic, the salinity fluctuates from 0 – 35, seasonally (fresh water coming from ice caps). Pacific The salinity variation in the Pacific Ocean is mainly due to its shape and larger areal extent. Atlantic The average salinity of the Atlantic Ocean is around 36-37. The equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean has a salinity of about 35. Near the equator, there is heavy rainfall, high relative humidity, cloudiness and calm air of the doldrums. The polar areas experience very little evaporation and receive large amounts of fresh water from the melting of ice. This leads to low levels of salinity, ranging between 20 and 32. Maximum salinity (37) is observed between 20° N and 30° N and 20° W – 60° W. It gradually decreases towards the north.distribution of ocean salinity Indian Ocean The average salinity of the Indian Ocean is 35. The low salinity trend is observed in the Bay of Bengal due to influx of river water by the river Ganga. On the contrary, the Arabian Sea shows higher salinity due to high evaporation and low influx of fresh water. Marginal seas The North Sea, in spite of its location in higher latitudes, records higher salinity due to more saline water brought by the North Atlantic Drift. Baltic Sea records low salinity due to influx of river waters in large quantity. The Mediterranean Sea records higher salinity due to high evaporation. Salinity is, however, very low in Black Sea due to enormous fresh water influx by rivers. Inland seas and lakes The salinity of the inland Seas and lakes is very high because of the regular supply of salt by ‘ the rivers falling into them. Their water becomes progressively more saline due to evaporation. For instance, the salinity of the Great Salt Lake , (Utah, USA), the Dead Sea and the Lake Van in Turkey is 220, 240 and 330 respectively. The oceans and salt lakes are becoming more salty as time goes on because the rivers dump more salt into them, while fresh water is lost due to evaporation. Cold and warm water mixing zones Salinity decreases from 35 – 31 on the western parts of the northern hemisphere because of the influx of melted water from the Arctic region. surface salinity of world's oceans Sub-Surface Salinity With depth, the salinity also varies, but this variation again is subject to latitudinal difference. The decrease is also influenced by cold and warm currents. In high latitudes, salinity increases with depth. In the middle latitudes, it increases up to 35 metres and then it decreases. At the equator, surface salinity is lower. Vertical Distribution of Salinity Salinity changes with depth, but the way it changes depends upon the location of the sea. Salinity at the surface increases by the loss of water to ice or evaporation, or decreased by the input of fresh waters, such as from the rivers. Salinity at depth is very much fixed, because there is no way that water is ‘lost’, or the salt is ‘added.’ There is a marked difference in the salinity between the surface zones and the deep zones of the oceans. The lower salinity water rests above the higher salinity dense water. Salinity, generally, increases with depth and there is a distinct zone called the halocline (compare this with thermocline), where salinity increases sharply. Other factors being constant, increasing salinity of seawater causes its density to increase. High salinity seawater, generally, sinks below the lower salinity water. This leads to stratification by salinity.
Views: 7588 KV GuruJi
What Would Happen If We Drained the Mediterranean Sea?
 
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Learn about calculus, algebra, gravitational physics and more with a free trial and 20% off here at; https://brilliant.org/reallifelore/ Please Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2dB7VTO Music is by Brandon Maahs. Check out his website and music by clicking this link: http://www.brandonmaahs.com/audio-reel Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RealLifeLore/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/RealLifeLore1 Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/RealLifeLore/ Subreddit is moderated by Oliver Bourdouxhe Special thanks to my Patrons: Juan Rodriguez, Danny Clemens, Owen, Mary-Helen Burns, Jarrell Hawkins, Conor Dillon, Donna, Michael Aufiero, Mohammad Abu Hawash, MechanoidOrange and Greenlandia. Videos explaining things. Mostly over topics like history, geography, economics and science. We believe that the world is a wonderfully fascinating place, and you can find wonder anywhere you look. That is what our videos attempt to convey. Currently, we try our best to release one video every week. Bear with us :) Sources and further reading; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantropa https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messinian_salinity_crisis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapse_rate#Dry_adiabatic_lapse_rate http://www.geologie.ens.fr/spiplabocnrs/IMG/gif/CarteEastmed.gif https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5089/2010/acp-10-5089-2010.html
Views: 3788101 RealLifeLore
Dead sea amazing natural phenomenon - DeadSea salt cubes
 
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Cubes of salt washed up on the shore in the Deadsea (Israel Dead sea, Deadsea) Dead sea (from wikipedia): also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east, and Palestine and Israel to the west. near Jerusalem. Its surface and shores are 427 metres (1,401 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 306 m (1,004 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 34.2% salinity (in 2011), it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, though Lake Vanda in Antarctica (35%), Lake Assal (Djibouti) (34.8%), Lagoon Garabogazköl in the Caspian Sea (up to 35%) and some hypersaline ponds and lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond (44%)) have reported higher salinities. It is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 50 kilometres (31 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. Biblically, it was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets. The Dead Sea seawater has a density of 1.240 kg/L, which makes swimming similar to floating." dead seas near Jerusalem halite phenomenon (from wikipedia): "commonly known as rock salt, is the mineral form of sodium chloride (NaCl). Halite forms isometric crystals. The mineral is typically colorless or white, but may also be light blue, dark blue, purple, pink, red, orange, yellow or gray depending on the amount and type of impurities. It commonly occurs with other evaporite deposit minerals such as several of the sulfates, halides, and borates" - more in wikipedia view more interesting videos like : "15 Craziest Natural Phenomena on Earth" "Ice Balls forming along Lake Michigan near Glen Arbor" "2014 WHAT IS GOING ON? (Strange Weather Phenomenon)" "Strange Sky Phenomena Escalating Worldwide" "The Dead Sea in Jordan" "Earth's 10 Strangest Natural Phenomena" "25 Natural Phenomena You Have To See To Believe" more about dead sea and israel: "First Scientific Diving Expedition at the Dead Sea" "Israel - Small but Outstanding" "Israel ¡Seeing is Believing!" "Sunshine Across Israel"
Views: 1055439 jabulani400
Footage: Algae color ‘China’s Dead Sea’ in red and green
 
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A salt lake in the city of Yuncheng, north China’s Shanxi Province, has proven that Mother Nature is an unmatched colorist.   The waters of the salt lake seem to have been dyed in red on one side of the lake, while staying green on the other side. Fittingly enough, an avenue rising above the lake played the demarcation line, separating the two colors in such precision that prompted visitors to snap pictures of this scientifically-explained natural miracle.   The distinct pinkish red color was caused by the proliferation of a certain type of algae Dunaliella salina, it has been reported.   Covering an area of 120 square kilometers, the salt lake, which stretches 30 kilometers in length, is the largest in Shanxi Province and the world’s third largest sodium sulphate inland lake. Due to its high salinity, the lake has been dubbed as “China’s Dead Sea” and offers a safe destination for swimmers who can’t stay afloat. Subscribe to us on Youtube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download for IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cctvnewschina Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTVNEWS Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CCTVNEWSbeijing Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 52995 CGTN
What Happens When You Boil The Ocean?
 
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If you took the WATER out of SALT WATER, would it just leave SALT? Today we're finding out! Gallon Container: http://amzn.to/2r29bFL Stockpot: http://amzn.to/2pGKsTl Sea Salt and Vinegar Chips: http://amzn.to/2r8Wzc8 Sea Salt and Cracked Pepper: http://amzn.to/2pGkBKy Endcard Links: Butane Rockets: https://goo.gl/GaaBu6 Lighter Bomb: https://goo.gl/G84XIL Metal Melter: https://goo.gl/jolsPz Will Frozen Gasoline Burn: https://goo.gl/kmkx6o Business Inquiries: For business and sponsorship inquiries please contact us directly: https://www.youtube.com/thekingofrandom/about See What Else I’m Up To: Instagram: https://goo.gl/C0Q1YU Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBTheKingOfRandom Pinterest: http://bit.ly/pingrant Music by: JJD - "Future [NCS Release]" Video Link: https://youtu.be/n1ddqXIbpa8 Download: http://NCS.lnk.to/Future WARNING: This video is only for entertainment purposes. If you rely on the information portrayed in this video, you assume the responsibility for the results. Have fun, but always think ahead, and remember that every project you try is at YOUR OWN RISK.
Views: 9927126 The King of Random
Why Sea Water Salinity,  In Odia
 
02:08
Why sea water is salty,sea water is salty,sea,ocean,sea salt,water of sea,salty water of sea,science,why is sea water salty,salty water,why ocean water is salty,why is the sea salty,why is the ocean salty,Why sea water is salty?,ocean salt,salt lake,discovery news, ..............................                   ...........................                 ........................................... .............................                    ............................. Share, support, subscribe Subscribe- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAMXyzAr9swIWSbkTAHfrZw .................................................................................. Free song (non-copyright)-https://www.bensound.com Free video(non-copyright)-https://pixabay.com -https://videvo.com -https://pixel.com .................................................................................. Your love & Support #odishaknowdge About- ODISHA Knowledge is  a YouTube channel, Where you will find Knowledge and imotion videos in Odia,           {{New video is posted everyday;)}}                        " ଜୟ ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ "
Views: 171 Mobile Income
The Formation of the Mediterranean Sea
 
07:31
Continued from https://youtu.be/Lw7GpyY2EGs An excerpt from Episode 14 of our Endless Ocean: Blue World Let's Play. http://www.kisamayatsu.com/letsplay/EO2/ https://twitter.com/Zorak
Views: 630162 ZorakGoesOn
Ocean salinity - part 2: The Agulhas retroflection
 
01:09
An animation of the global salinity field at various depths as simulated by a very high resolution Ocean General Circulation Model. Produced by the Ocean Modelling and Forecasting group at the UK's National Oceanography Centre.
Views: 1945 nocsomf
Graphene Could Solve the World's Water Crisis
 
03:28
Turning saltwater into clean drinking water is an expensive, energy-intensive process, but could the wonder material graphene make it more accessible? New Discovery Could Unlock Graphene's Full Potential - https://youtu.be/J0ZMi83oUjk Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Get 15% off http://www.domain.com domain names and web hosting when you use coupon code SEEKER at checkout! Read More: Top 10 Uses for the World's Strongest Material https://www.seeker.com/top-10-uses-for-the-worlds-strongest-material-1767195089.html "Graphene is the world's new wonder material. It's the thinnest electronic material ever invented, consisting of a layer of carbon atoms just a single atom thick -- the atoms are arranged in a hexagonal pattern. It weighs almost nothing, coming in at only 0.77 grams for a square meter. But it's no lightweight. Graphene is 100 times stronger than steel of the same thickness. It conducts both heat and electricity better than copper, and has outstanding optical and mechanical properties. If it could be produced on an industrial scale, graphene might revolutionize fields such as electronics and even body armor." A Lucky Lab Accident Results in Bucketloads of Graphene https://www.seeker.com/a-lucky-lab-accident-results-in-bucketloads-of-graphene-2230364207.html Apparently, when it comes to making graphene, the 21st-century 'miracle material' taking manufacturing by storm, you can do things the hard way or the fun way. The hard ways - and there are dozens - all have their own complications. Some require high temperatures and long 'cooking' times, others require the use of hazardous chemicals like sulfuric acid or hydrazine. The easy way comes from physicists at Kansas State University, and the process is admirably straightforward: Fill a steel containment unit with oxygen and hydrocarbon gas, detonate it with the spark and, voila, a bucketload of soot-like graphene. Scrape it out and repeat. Graphene sieve turns seawater into drinking water http://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/graphene-sieve-turns-seawater-into-drinking-water/ "Graphene-oxide membranes have attracted considerable attention as promising candidates for new filtration technologies. Now the much sought-after development of making membranes capable of sieving common salts has been achieved. New research demonstrates the real-world potential of providing clean drinking water for millions of people who struggle to access adequate clean water sources. The new findings from a group of scientists at The University of Manchester were published today in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. Previously graphene-oxide membranes have shown exciting potential for gas separation and water filtration." ____________________ Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism and adventure. Watch More Seeker on our website http://www.seeker.com/shows/ Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/ Seeker on Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/+dnews Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here: http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Special thanks to Julian Huguet for hosting and writing this episode of Seeker! Check Julian out on Twitter: https://twitter.com/jhug00
Views: 405720 Seeker
The Zanclean Megaflood Hypothesis
 
01:41
A new study supports the scenario of a Mediterranean-wide catastrophic flood at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC): The Zanclean Megaflood Hypothesis. Credits: Video produced by the University of Malta under the supervision of dr. Aaron Micallef “Evidence of the Zanclean megaflood in the eastern Mediterranean Basin” Aaron Micallef, Angelo Camerlenghi, Daniel Garcia-Castellanos, Daniel Cunarro Otero, Marc-André Gutscher, Giovanni Barreca, Daniele Spatola, Lorenzo Facchin, Riccardo Geletti, Sebastian Krastel, Felix Gross & Morelia Urlaub Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19446-3
Views: 3911 SciNews
NEW FISH in the saltwater aquarium!
 
12:40
Today we get and add the new fish to the saltwater aquarium fish tank! Instagram ► https://www.instagram.com/uarujoey/ The reveal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LzEbSZN82IU JOIN MY TEAM: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCM9oZkV3tGJuUUhgZaiGZkQ/join Get the ultimate DIY book ► http://thekingofdiy.com LIMITED EDITION SHIRTS!! ► https://goo.gl/E2l6tk Facebook ► http://facebook.com/uarujoey Instagram ► https://www.instagram.com/uarujoey/ The king of DIY aquarium projects, education and inspiration! Check back daily as I make a video almost every day! MAIL TO: PO BOX 25054 Truro, NS B2N 7B8 Canada How to build aquariums: https://goo.gl/gu3CsK How to build aquarium filters: https://goo.gl/cw0Jl9 How to build aquarium stands: https://goo.gl/9JB9jo How to build aquarium equipment: https://goo.gl/BHkT2s How to build aquarium lighting: https://goo.gl/Wg4kt0 How to build aquarium decorations: https://goo.gl/crQkeT Varius aquarium tutorials: https://goo.gl/BKCb3a ALL Thursday videos: https://goo.gl/DPHjEM ALL Sunday videos: https://goo.gl/Rn0wmS My aquarium pumps, circulation and lights are by: http://ecotechmarine.com My aquarium racks and the aquariums within them were made by: http://customaquariums.com My aquarium backgrounds are made by: https://aquadecorbackgrounds.com/
Views: 743103 The king of DIY
ये सागर ऐसा हैं जहाँ कोई डूबता नही हैं । dead sea facts in hindi |
 
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हमारे वेबसाइट को भी देखें - http://www.vidyudabhi.com/ ****************************************************************** Namskar, dead sea ya mrit sagar kya hai ? App me se bahuto ko iske baare me pata hoga lekin shaandaar facts aur bhi dead sea ke baare me shayad aapko janana chahiye. Dead sea israel jordan aur west bank (Palestine) deshon ke beech me stith hain. Aur kya aapko pata hain dead sea ka mud ya keechad bhi swasthya ke liye behad labhdayak hai. Pure world se tarah tarah ke log yaha apne chehre ko sunder aur skin glowing banane ke liye yaha ke keechad ke liye aate hai. Dead sea ke paani ka swasthya mahatva bhi hain. Kyunki iske paani me bahut jyada matra me minerals milte hain. Jaise bromin , magnesium, iodine, etc. Pure asia me yeh chikitsa paryatan ka kendra ban chuka hain. Itna hi kaha jata hain ki Egypt ki Cleopatra ke sundarta ka raaj bhi dead sea ka mud tha. Dead sea ka sabase mystereous baat yah hain ki dead sea ke paas kumraan namak jagah per kuchh gufaayein ( caves ) mile hain jaha kuchh hazaro saal puraane scrolls mile hain jisme kuchh behad rahasyamayi baatein likhi hui hain jise israel government puri duniya se chhipa rahi. To mitron iske alawa bhi bahut kuchh hain dead sea me Ek rochak baat ye ki yahha per doobta nahi hain kyunki yaha ke paani ka density bahut jyada hota hain. Aur is khare paani me let kar chaay bhi pee sakate ho..😄😄😄😄 Phir mitron agar aap ko kuchh bhi extra iske baare me pata hain to comment box jarur likhe. [affiliate] https://vidyudabhi.wooplr.com/ ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• SUBSCRIBE. LIKE. COMMENTS. SHARE °°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°° Dead sea is the one of the mysterious place of this earth.but do you know ? Dead is also the hub of medical treatment.dead sea mud Mask, dead sea water etc all are use in medical. And at the last of this video I have some interesting mystery about dead sea which is related to Islam, jews and Christian religion. °°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°° All the images and video are licensed under creative commons attribution 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Music credit :- Title:- connect the dots Artist: statusq Source :- https://freepd.com https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••Facebook page → https://fb.me/vidyudabhi Twitter → https://Twitter.com/vidyudabhi Google plus page→ https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/101626381599487943129/
Views: 2918634 Vidyudabhi
Why  Is The Ocean Water  Salty ? || Telugu Timepass Tv
 
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Watch-Why Is The Ocean Water Salty ? || Telugu Timepass Tv Telugu timepass tv is here to show you about more intresting, comedy and top videos about different subjects and many more. Subscribe To Telugu TimePass TV :- https://goo.gl/Aefdjy
Views: 638 Telugu Timepass TV
Why is the Sea Water Salty?
 
02:20
If you’ve ever taken a gulp of #SeaWater, either accidentally or in a moment of insanity, then you undoubtedly noticed that seawater is actually very salty. If you haven’t tasted it yet, why not give it a try? We do have plenty of oceans around the world! Contrary to popular belief, freshwater, which is the water we drink, also contains some amount of salt. However, because the concentration of salt is much less than seawater, this salinity isn’t apparent in the taste of the water. There are 2 theories attributed to the #SalinityOfSeawater. One is that when rainwater seeps through large rocks, it mixes with some of the minerals from the rocks, a process that is called weathering. This water, which has taken in some of the salty substances of the rocks, then flows through rivers, making the water in the river slightly salty too. That being said, you won’t find the river water salty, as the concentration of salt in that water is also quite low. The water from all rivers is deposited in the seas and along with it, the salt also gets deposited, making the seawater salty. This exact same process has been going on for millions of years, which has made the salinity of seawater become apparent to our senses. The other reason that is commonly attributed to the salinity of seawater was discovered a number of years ago. There are some areas on the ocean floor where seawater seeps into the oceanic crust, becomes hotter, dissolves minerals from the crust, and then flows back to the ocean. Again, this process takes a long, long time, but it can definitely contribute to salinity. Furthermore, it has been found that underwater volcanic eruptions also impart salinity to seawater. As you can see, there are plenty of popular explanations, but the bottom line is this – don’t take a gulp when you’re thirsty, because it will only make things worse! Flying High by FREDJI https://soundcloud.com/fredjimusic https://www.facebook.com/fredjimusic/ Music promoted by Audio Library https://youtu.be/RYgKd-6_Fc4
Views: 1643 Sokumo Facts
The Black Sea
 
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The Black Sea is bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and the Aegean seas and various straits. The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate eastern Europe and western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The Black Sea has an area of 436,400 km² (168,500 sq mi) (not including the Sea of Azov),[1] a maximum depth of 2,212 m (7,257 ft),[2] and a volume of 547,000 km3 (131,200 cu mi).[3] The Black Sea forms in an east-west trending elliptical depression which lies between Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine.[4] It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, the Caucasus Mountains to the east and features a wide shelf to the northwest. The longest east-west extent is about 1,175 km. Important cities along the coast include Batumi, Burgas, Constanța, Giresun, Hopa, Istanbul, Kerch, Kherson, Mangalia, Năvodari, Novorossiysk, Odessa, Ordu, Poti, Rize, Samsun, Sevastopol, Sochi, Sukhumi, Trabzon, Varna, Yalta and Zonguldak. The Black Sea has a positive water balance; that is, a net outflow of water 300 km3 per year through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles into the Aegean Sea. Mediterranean water flows into the Black Sea as part of a two-way hydrological exchange. The Black Sea outflow is cooler and less saline, and floats over the warm, more saline Mediterranean inflow -- as a result of differences in density caused by differences in salinity -- leading to a significant anoxic layer well below the surface waters. The Black Sea also receives river water from large Eurasian fluvial systems to the north of the Sea, of which the Don, Dnieper and Danube are the most significant. In the past, the water level has varied significantly. Due to these variations in the water level in the basin the surrounding shelf and associated aprons have sometimes been land. At certain critical water levels it is possible for connections with surrounding water bodies to become established. It is through the most active of these connective routes, the Turkish Straits, that the Black Sea joins the world ocean. When this hydrological link is not present, the Black Sea is a lake, operating independent of the global ocean system. Currently the Black Sea water level is relatively high, thus water is being exchanged with the Mediterranean. The Turkish Straits connect the Black and Aegean Seas and comprise the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles. Text Source: www.wikipedia.org
Views: 460 introduire
How To: Maintain a Salt Water Pool
 
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SUBSCRIBE for FREE pool care and maintenance videos every week: http://bit.ly/SubscribeINYO **** To view this guide step by step on our website, visit: http://bit.ly/MaintainSaltPool VISIT our blog for weekly swimming pool tips, tricks, and more! http://www.inyopools.com/blog SHOP at our online store! http://bit.ly/InyoPools Listen to the Poolside Chat podcast! iTunes:http://bit.ly/PoolsideChat SoundCloud:https://soundcloud.com/inyopools-com LIKE us on FACEBOOK! https://www.facebook.com/inyopools FOLLOW us on TWITTER! https://twitter.com/inyopools FOLLOW us on INSTAGRAM! https://www.instagram.com/inyopools/ JOIN our circle on GOOGLE+ https://plus.google.com/+Inyopools/posts There are many benefits to operating a salt water pool. The benefits include softer water, lower cost of operation, and no chloramines. Many people believe that a salt water pool will be maintenance free. Although there is less maintenance required with a salt water system, there are still necessary steps required to maintain a stable pool.
Views: 165836 Inyo Pools
The Mysterious RIVERS That Flow INSIDE Oceans
 
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Deep in our oceans are strange and mysterious creatures that we could have never imagined. But did you know that in some parts of our world, there are actually underwater RIVERS that flow inside oceans? How is that possible? --- ➨Get tickets to the best show on earth!!! http://bit.ly/2gu7REI ❖Support me on Patreon! http://bit.ly/2lc36om ►Subscribe for more videos! http://bit.ly/1Mo6FxX ►Check out my food channel! http://bit.ly/1hsxh41 ★↓FOLLOW ME ON SOCIAL MEDIA!↓★ Facebook Show Page: https://www.facebook.com/beyondsciencetv Facebook Mike Fan Page: http://on.fb.me/1En9Lue Instagram: http://instagr.am/Mikexingchen http://instagr.am/beyondsciencetv Twitter: http://twitter.com/Mikexingchen Snapchat: Mikeychenx Periscope: Mikexingchen ✉ Send stuff to our PO Box! Mike Chen PO Box 610 Middletown, NY 10940
Views: 114510 Beyond Science
Aquarius Sea Surface Salinity Tour 2012
 
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This video provides a global tour of sea surface salinity using measurements taken by NASA's Aquarius instrument aboard the Aquarius/SAC-D spacecraft, from December 2011 through December 2012. Red represents areas of high salinity, while blue represents areas of low salinity. Aquarius is a focused effort to measure sea surface salinity and will provide the global view of salinity variability needed for climate studies. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the Space Agency of Argentina (Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales). View the press release: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aquarius/news/data-first-year.html This visualization celebrates over a year of successful Aquarius observations. Sea surface salinity is shown at various locations around the globe highlighting the following: - the Atlantic Ocean is generally much more salty than the Pacific - low salinity waters in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific are transported westward - high influxes of fresh water from the Amazon River basin can be clearly seen - low salinity waters are transported by the Labrador current to the south - high influxes of fresh water from the Ganges River basin can be seen keeping the Eastern Indian Ocean lower salinity than the Western Indian Ocean The range of time shown is December 2011 through Decemeber 2012. The data continuously loops through this range every 6 seconds. This visualization was generated based on version 2.0 of the Aquarius data products with all 3 scanning beams. Original file source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a004000/a004045/ Please give credit for this item to: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
Views: 1083 NASAJPLPODAAC
2013 Sea surface salinity monthly maps
 
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For Aquarius workshop
Views: 22 Keith White
Salt Nacl mineral Making Process Naturally | How to make Sea crystalline Salt Chemistry Preparation
 
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Common salt or Table salt is a mineral composed mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the highest class of salts; Salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. Salt is present in large quantities in seawater, where it is the main mineral constituent. The open ocean has about 35 grams (1.2 oz) of solids per liter, a salinity of 3.5%. Salt is essential for life in general, and salinity is one of the basic human tastes. Animal tissues contain greater amounts of salt than plant tissues. Salt is one of the oldest and most ubiquitous foods, and salting is an important method of preserving food.
Salt Water Swimming Pools - Myths & Truths you Need to Know
 
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WEBSITE: http://www.swimmingpoollearning.com/ YouTube Video Index -- A list of all of my videos: http://poolmandave.blogspot.com/2014/03/swimming-pool-tips-reviews-how-to-video.html In this video I dispel some commonly held Myths about a salt Water Pool. Often referred to as Salt Water Generators. There are several videos on YouTube on this subject so I decided to weigh in myself. One-third of my pool route -- roughly 35 pools are Salt Water Pools. So I have lots of practical real world experience with salt pools. My personal pool is also a salt pool and has been for the past nine years. Some of the benefits are: A good chlorine level all of the time. Softer water and no chemical smells. You get away from handling chemicals that are known carcinogens. Makes maintaining your pool much easier. Salt Water Generators are reliable and easy to operate (most of them are reliable). Eliminates the need for shocking your pool. Most Salt water Generators will have a Super Chlorinate mode. Some of the drawbacks: Higher cost of maintaining your pool. A slight learning curve. Some cities restrict draining a salt water pool. PH will constantly rise in a salt pool. Cannot be installed in a pool with copper pipes. So after watching the video I hope you feel more confident about making a more informed decision if a salt water generator is right for you or not. If you have questions or need help picking out the right salt system you can comment here or contact me on my website and I will further assist you. Salt Cell Cleaning and Salt Pool Care: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL7730869A0603157E Mrdgvb1 Social Media Links: Google +: https://plus.google.com/+MrDgvb1/posts Blogger: http://poolmandave.blogspot.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Youtube-Mrdgvb1/381257741926763?ref=hl WEBSITE: http://www.swimmingpoollearning.com/
Caspian Sea, Baku Region, Azerbaijan, Eurasia
 
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The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (not including Garabogazköl Aylagy) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi). It is in an endorheic basin (it has no outflows) and is bounded to the northwest by Russia, to the west by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran, to the southeast by Turkmenistan, and to the northeast by Kazakhstan. The ancient inhabitants of its coast perceived the Caspian Sea as an ocean, probably because of its saltiness and seeming boundlessness. It has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third the salinity of most seawater. The Caspian Sea, like the Aral Sea and Black Sea, is a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea. It became landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to tectonic uplift and a fall in sea level. During warm and dry climatic periods, the landlocked sea has all but dried up, depositing evaporitic sediments like halite that have become covered by wind-blown deposits and were sealed off as an evaporite sink when cool, wet climates refilled the basin. Due to the current inflow of fresh water, the Caspian Sea is a freshwater lake in its northern portions. It is more saline on the Iranian shore, where the catchment basin contributes little flow. Currently, the mean salinity of the Caspian is one third that of the Earth's oceans. The Garabogazköl embayment, which dried up when water flow from the main body of the Caspian was blocked in the 1980s but has since been restored, routinely exceeds oceanic salinity by a factor of 10. The Caspian Sea is the largest inland body of water in the world and accounts for 40 to 44% of the total lacustrine waters of the world. The coastlines of the Caspian are shared by Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan. The Caspian is divided into three distinct physical regions: the Northern, Middle, and Southern Caspian. The Northern--Middle boundary is the Mangyshlak Threshold, which runs through Chechen Island and Cape Tiub-Karagan. The Middle--Southern boundary is the Apsheron Threshold, a sill of tectonic origin between the Eurasian continent and an oceanic remnant, that runs through Zhiloi Island and Cape Kuuli. The Garabogazköl bay is the saline eastern inlet of the Caspian, which is part of Turkmenistan and at times has been a lake in its own right due to the isthmus which cuts it off from the Caspian. Divisions between the three regions are dramatic. The Northern Caspian only includes the Caspian shelf, and is very shallow; it accounts for less than 1% of the total water volume with an average depth of only 5--6 metres (16--20 ft). The sea noticeably drops off towards the Middle Caspian, where the average depth is 190 metres (620 ft). The Southern Caspian is the deepest, with oceanic depths of over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). The Middle and Southern Caspian account for 33% and 66% of the total water volume, respectively. The northern portion of the Caspian Sea typically freezes in the winter, and in the coldest winters ice forms in the south as well. Over 130 rivers provide inflow to the Caspian, with the Volga River being the largest. A second affluent, the Ural River, flows in from the north, and the Kura River flows into the sea from the west. In the past, the Amu Darya (Oxus) of Central Asia in the east often changed course to empty into the Caspian through a now-desiccated riverbed called the Uzboy River, as did the Syr Darya farther north. The Caspian also has several small islands; they are primarily located in the North and have a collective land area of roughly 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi). Adjacent to the North Caspian is the Caspian Depression, a low-lying region 27 metres (89 ft) below sea level. The Central Asian steppes stretch across the northeast coast, while the Caucasus mountains hug the Western shore. The biomes to both the north and east are characterized by cold, continental deserts. Conversely, the climate to the southwest and south are generally warm with uneven elevation due to a mix of highlands and mountain ranges; the drastic changes in climate alongside the Caspian have led to a great deal of biodiversity in the region. The Caspian Sea has numerous islands throughout, all of them near the coasts. There are none in the deeper parts of the Sea. Ogurja Ada is the largest island. The island is 37 km (23 mi) long, with gazelles roaming freely on it. In the North Caspian, the majority of the islands are small and uninhabited, like the Tyuleniy Archipelago, an Important Bird Area (IBA), although some of them have human settlements.
Views: 5738 Pietro Pecco
Underwater Lake
 
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When I saw this for the first time I couldn't believe what I was seeing
Views: 421484 Alim Adam
Seawater Chemistry - Salinity portion
 
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seawater chemistry pre-lab on salinity
Views: 3393 Keith Meldahl
Salinity screening technique in rice
 
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Millions of hectares in the humid regions of South and Southeast Asia are technically suited for rice production but the left are uncultivated or grown with very low yields because of salinity and problem soils. Screening methodology: 1.In-situ Field Evaluation 2.Screening in Microplots 3.Screening in Pots & Screening in Solution Culture
Views: 1504 Genomics Lab
Dead Sea israel , Salt Sea jordan  ,  people float on water , high salinity sea in world
 
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The Dead Sea, also known as the Salt Sea, salt lake bordering Jordan to the east 7 Israel With 33.7% salinity, the Dead Sea is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water The Dead Sea’s unusually high salt concentration means that people can easily float in the Dead Sea due to natural buoyancy The Dead Sea is roughly 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish. The high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "ambedkar park lucknow night beauty, 7 wonder of lucknow, UP" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_tjzk2gKI8 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 597 BJ Technology
How Deep Is The Arctic Ocean?
 
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Nasa logo nsidc scientists provide arctic sea ice news & analysis, with partial support from nasa baltic and the black sea, forms exports surface water of lower salinity density. The arctic ocean is almost the shallowest and smallest with a total area of approximately 13986000 square kilometers. Arctic ocean nordic seas thermohaline system and also. As their name implies, drifting stations move with the ice pack in arctic ocean. Litke deep wikipedia 7 nov 2013 the central arctic ocean basin consists of four abyssal plains separated by submarine ridges. Arctic ocean marine biodiversity wiki. Eover these shelf areas, ice is absent at least part of the year, but found year round over deep ocean. Arctic ocean facts, information, pictures britannica. 1054 3139 97 040283 17 $25. 25 sep 2013 recent warming of the greenland sea deep water is about ten times higher than warming rates estimated for the global ocean. It is located around the north pole and surrounded by some countries like greenland, alaska, canada, russia norway deepest point of arctic ocean trench litke deep at 5449m below sea surface. It is located in the northern hemisphere and almost completely surrounded by north america eurasia, including countries of russia, norway, iceland, greenland, canada united states. The abyssal plains make 12. Earth what is the deepest point of arctic ocean? Quora. 1997 international drifting stations monitor the ice pack, temperature, sea depth, currents, weather conditions, and marine biology of the north pole. Deep sea fish filmed in the arctic for first time youtube. A collaborative network of scientists and stakeholders to advance research on sea ice prediction communicate knowledge tools. The arctic ocean nordic seas thermohaline oxford journals. The deepest point is the litke deep with 5,450m 17,880ft arctic ocean very and cold! antarctic areas are different. The deepest point is litke deep in the eurasian basin, at 5,450 m (17,880 ft) continental shelf encloses a oval basin (average depth 12,000 ft 3,658 m) that stretches between svalbard and alaska; E of greenland ring broken by sea. We shall examine the deep and bottom water renewal of greenland sea put it into context. This trench marks the deepest point of arctic sea ice prediction network. Arctic ocean circulation going around at the top of world deep greenland sea is warming faster than 10 deepest parts marine insight. Arctic ocean facts kids world travel guidedeep waters of the arctic origins and circulation softschools. North pole national geographic society. Bathymetric map of the arctic ocean showing major shelves, basins, ridges and other features (figure 1), smallest world's five oceans, is about 4000km (2500 miles) long 2400km (1500 wide, size continental usa. Arctic sea ice news and analysis. Arctic ocean wikipedia. Therefore the seasonal variation of area sea ice is smaller in arctic than around antarctica. The average depth of the arctic ocean is 1,038 m (3,406 ft). Scientists analyze
Views: 30 Clix Clix
How to Mix Saltwater with Coral Pro Salt Review- Red Sea Refractometer
 
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My FB Page: https://www.facebook.com/coralfish12g Red Sea links: http://www.redseafish.com/red-sea-salts/coral-pro-salt/ http://www.redseafish.com/red-sea-salts/seawater-refractometer-salinity-test/ In this coralfish12g video I will explain everything you need to know about mixing saltwater for your reef aquarium. Water changes are inevitable in this hobby and you need to do them to have a thriving reef ecosystem. Chances are that your sick of buying clean saltwater from your fish store and want to start making your own to save money. Well, this process isn’t difficult and I'll show you how to do it, with tips so that you can be successful. Some include using RO/DI water, using Coral Pro Salt from Red Sea and using a refractometer.
Views: 65562 CoralFish12g
Gourmet Salt: Mediterranean Flake Sea Salt
 
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Mediterranean flake sea salts are known for their light salty flavor and delicate texture. Cyprus Flake is a gourmet salt with a beautiful pyramid structure that makes it a natural choice as a finishing salt adding flair to almost any dish presented at the table. It also shines on desserts and confections where it’s light, even salinity adds just the right amount of salty crunch to rich, buttery sweets. Don’t be fooled into thinking beauty is its only gift because Cyprus Flake has hidden depths when crumbled and added to soups, stews, pasta and vegetables. It brings out bright taste and subtly enhances natural flavors. https://www.seasalt.com Shop Cyprus Flake https://www.seasalt.com/cyprus-flake-sea-salt.html#183=757 Recipes using Cyprus Flake: Salted Caramel Apple Galette https://www.seasalt.com/recipes/salted-caramel-apple-galette-cyprus-flake-sea-salt-recipe.html Roasted figs with Cyprus Black https://www.seasalt.com/recipes/roasted-figs-honey-thyme-cyprus-black-lava-salt-recipe.html ******************************************** Subscribe to our YouTube Channel today! Connect with us on Social Media. Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/saltworks_inc/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SaltWorksSeaSalt/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/SaltWorksInc Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/saltworksinc/ Linked In: https://www.linkedin.com/company/saltworks-inc- ******************************************** Cyprus Flake is one of our most beautiful sea salts. Contained in its delicate pyramid structure is a wealth of bright, fresh ocean flavor. Harvested from the waters off Cyprus, it has the mild flavor of Mediterranean Sea salts and is ideal as a finishing salt. Don’t be afraid to crumble it and add it to soups and stews, it melts quickly and imparts a light, even salinity. Cyprus Flake truly shines as a garnish to almost any dish and on desserts and confections where it’s beauty can be seen and tasted.
Views: 507 SaltWorks, Inc.
The Gulf Stream Explained
 
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Learn about the role of the sea in global warming. The global conveyer belt is part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by differences in the density of the waters. It plays a key role in keeping the climate at balance and Europe warm. Global warming may change it forever with unforeseeable consequences. Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt The climate change and global conveyor belt Also: We made a brief intro for kurzgesagt videos! Tell us how what you think about it :D Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Sea Surface Salinity from Aquarius satellite & geostrophic velocity anomaly
 
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Daily images of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) estimated from satellite (Aquarius mission) observations (contours), overlapped by the absolute geostrophic velocity (black vectors) calculated from altimeter satellite data (Aviso product) for the Western Equatorial North Atlantic (WENA) region. The blue and red lines displayed in the inset panel represent the time evolution of SSS at the locations of M5 (blue circle) and M4 (red square) moorings, respectively. The images span from September 1th 2012 to December 1th 2013, covering the deployment period of the sediment traps. This animation is made by: Dr. Leandro Ponsoni
Views: 55 NIOZ
Black Sea | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Black Sea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni. About a third of Europe drains into the Black Sea, including the countries of Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine. The Black Sea has an area of 436,400 km2 (168,500 sq mi) (not including the Sea of Azov), a maximum depth of 2,212 m (7,257 ft), and a volume of 547,000 km3 (131,000 cu mi). It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, Caucasus Mountains to the east, Crimean Mountains to the north, Strandzha to the southwest, Dobrogea Plateau to the northwest, and features a wide shelf to the northwest. The longest East-West extent is about 1,175 km (730 mi).Important cities along the coast include Batumi, Burgas, Constanța, Giresun, Istanbul, Kerch, Novorossiysk, Odessa, Ordu, Poti, Rize, Samsun, Sevastopol, Sochi, Sukhumi, Trabzon, Varna, Yalta, and Zonguldak. The Black Sea has a positive water balance; that is, a net outflow of water 300 km3 (72 cu mi) per year through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles into the Aegean Sea. Mediterranean water flows into the Black Sea as part of a two-way hydrological exchange. The Black Sea outflow is cooler and less saline, and floats over the warm, more saline Mediterranean inflow – as a result of differences in density caused by differences in salinity – leading to a significant anoxic layer well below the surface waters. The Black Sea drains into the Mediterranean Sea, via the Aegean Sea and various straits, and is navigable to the Atlantic Ocean. The Bosphorus Strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the Strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The water level has varied significantly. Due to these variations in the water level in the basin, the surrounding shelf and associated aprons have sometimes been land. At certain critical water levels it is possible for connections with surrounding water bodies to become established. It is through the most active of these connective routes, the Turkish Straits, that the Black Sea joins the world ocean. When this hydrological link is not present, the Black Sea is an endorheic basin, operating independently of the global ocean system, like the Caspian Sea for example. Currently the Black Sea water level is relatively high, thus water is being exchanged with the Mediterranean. The Turkish Straits connect the Black Sea with the Aegean Sea, and comprise the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
10 Things You Didn’t Know About the Dead Sea
 
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The Dead Sea, also known as the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. It’s a hypersaline lake that is truly one of Earth’s unique places. Below you will find ten interesting facts along with a gallery of picture of this fascinating place. All information below via Wikipedia, enjoy! 1. The surface and shores of the Dead Sea are 423 metres (1,388 ft) below sea level, making it Earth’s lowest elevation on land. 2. The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) deep, making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water that contains significant concentrations of sodium chloride or other mineral salts, with saline levels surpassing that of ocean water. 3. With 33.7% salinity, the Dead Sea is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. Although Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher salinities. 4. The Dead Sea’s unusually high salt concentration means that people can easily float in the Dead Sea due to natural buoyancy. In this respect the Dead Sea is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States. 5. The Dead Sea is roughly 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish (hence its name). The high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present. 6. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and its main tributary is the Jordan River. 7. The Dead Sea area has become a major center for health research and treatment for several reasons. The mineral content of the water, the very low content of pollens and other allergens in the atmosphere, the reduced ultraviolet component of solar radiation, and the higher atmospheric pressure at this great depth each have specific health effects. 8. Biblically, the Dead Sea was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world’s first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. 9. An unusual feature of the Dead Sea is its discharge of asphalt. From deep seeps, the Dead Sea constantly spits up small pebbles and blocks of the black substance. Asphalt coated figurines and bitumen coated Neolithic skulls from archaeological sites have been found. Egyptian mummification processes used asphalt imported from the Dead Sea region. 10. The world’s lowest road, Highway 90, runs along the Israeli and West Bank shores of the Dead Sea at 393 m (1,289 ft) below sea level.
Views: 178 ABBE
Dead Sea also called Salt sea
 
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The Sea of Death also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. Its surface and shores are 423 metres (1,388 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 33.7% salinity, it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, though Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher salinities. It is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. Biblically, it was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets. In 2009, 1.2 million foreign tourists visited on the Israeli side.
Views: 15942 Gnxtgroup
Zanclean Flood of the Mediterranean in Sicily - computer animation
 
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Recreation of the evolution of the Messinian salinity crisis, between 6 and 5.3 milion years ago. Note that this is only one of the scenarios proposed by the scientific community studying this period. Time scale (million years per second) not to scale. See also what happened before this, here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bw-qf_zQMWs Video produced by the University of Malta under the supervision of: Aaron Micallef, D. Garcia-Castellanos, and A. Camerlenghi. Based on this original academic publication (open access): Micallef, A., A. Camerlenghi, D. Garcia-Castellanos, Cunarro Otero, Gutscher, Barreca, Spatola, Facchin, Geletti, Krastel, Gross & Urlaub, 2018. Evidence of the Zanclean megaflood in the eastern Mediterranean Basin. Scientific Reports, 8:1078 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-19446-3. [open access]
Alaska Gulf - Sea Water Merging
 
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The entire shoreline of the Gulf is a rugged combination of forest, mountain, and a number of tidewater glaciers. Alaska's largest glaciers, the Malaspina Glacier and Bering Glacier, spill out onto the coastal line along the Gulf of Alaska. The coast is heavily indented, with Cook Inlet and Prince William Sound the two largest connected bodies of water. It includes Yakutat Bay and Cross Sound. Lituya Bay is the site of the largest recorded tsunami in history. It is customarily a popular sheltered anchorage for fishing boats. It is a outcome of the melting glaciers being created of new water and the sea has a higher percentage of saline causing the two sea bodies of water to have distinct densities and therefore makes it more difficult to blend. These two bodies of water were merging in the middle of The Gulf of Alaska and there was a foam evolving only at their junction. While technically not a confluence of two separate bodies of water, The Gulf of Alaska sometimes contains these stunning color variations. The gulf contains different slow moving currents, or eddies, which harbor distinct sediments, one with a higher amount of heavier clay material that contains iron and changes the appearance of the water. When the two currents meet, there’s a clear color difference between them, but they do eventually mix.
Floating in the Dead Sea ...You Can't Sink! - Interesting Facts
 
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The Dead Sea (Hebrew: יָם הַמֶּלַח, Yam ha-Melah, "Sea of Salt", also Hebrew: יָם הַמָּוֶת, Yam ha-Mavet, "The Sea of Death", and Arabic: البحر الميت‎‎ About this sound Al-Bahr al-Mayyit (help·info)), also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west. Its surface and shores are 429 metres (1,407 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 304 m (997 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 34.2% salinity (in 2011), it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean, and one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which plants and animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 50 kilometers (31 mi) long and 15 kilometers (9 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and its main tributary is the Jordan River. The Dead Sea water has a density of 1.24 kg/liter, which makes swimming similar to floating. Biblical period- Dwelling in caves near the Dead Sea is recorded in the Hebrew Bible as having taken place before the Israelites came to Canaan, and extensively at the time of King David. Just northwest of the Dead Sea is Jericho. Somewhere, perhaps on the southeastern shore, would be the cities mentioned in the Book of Genesis which were said to have been destroyed in the time of Abraham: Sodom and Gomorra (Genesis 18) and the three other "Cities of the Plain", Admah, Zeboim and Zoar (Deuteronomy 29:23). Zoar escaped destruction when Abraham's nephew Lot escaped to Zoar from Sodom (Genesis 19:21-22). Before the destruction, the Dead Sea was a valley full of natural tar pits, which was called the vale of Siddim. King David was said to have hidden from Saul at Ein Gedi nearby. In Ezekiel 47:8-9 there is a specific prophecy that the sea will ".. be healed and made fresh", becoming a normal lake capable of supporting marine life. A similar prophecy is stated in Zechariah 14:8, which says that "Living waters will go out from Jerusalem, half of them to the eastern sea (likely the Dead Sea) and half to the western sea (the Mediterranean)..." Greek and Roman period- Aristotle wrote about the remarkable waters. The Nabateans and others discovered the value of the globs of natural asphalt that constantly floated to the surface where they could be harvested with nets. The Egyptians were steady customers, as they used asphalt in the embalming process that created mummies. The Ancient Romans knew the Dead Sea as "Palus Asphaltites" (Asphalt Lake). King Herod the Great built or rebuilt several fortresses and palaces on the western bank of the Dead Sea. The most famous was Masada, where in 70 CE a small group of Jewish zealots fled after the fall of the destruction of the Second Temple. The zealots survived until 73 CE, when a siege by the X Legion ended in the deaths by suicide of its 960 inhabitants. Another historically important fortress was Machaerus (מכוור), on the eastern bank, where, according to Josephus, John the Baptist was imprisoned by Herod Antipas and died. Also in Roman times, some Essenes settled on the Dead Sea's western shore; Pliny the Elder identifies their location with the words, "on the west side of the Dead Sea, away from the coast ... [above] the town of Engeda" (Natural History, Bk 5.73); and it is therefore a hugely popular but contested hypothesis today, that same Essenes are identical with the settlers at Qumran and that "the Dead Sea Scrolls" discovered during the 20th century in the nearby caves had been their own library. Josephus identified the Dead Sea in geographic proximity to the ancient Biblical city of Sodom. However, he referred to the lake by its Greek name, Asphaltites. Various sects of Jews settled in caves overlooking the Dead Sea. The best known of these are the Essenes of Qumran, who left an extensive library known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. The town of Ein Gedi, mentioned many times in the Mishna, produced persimmon for the temple's fragrance and for export, using a secret recipe. "Sodomite salt" was an essential mineral for the temple's holy incense, but was said to be dangerous for home use and could cause blindness. The Roman camps surrounding Masada were built by Jewish slaves receiving water from the towns around the lake. These towns had drinking water from the Ein Feshcha springs and other sweetwater springs in the vicinity. Byzantine period- Intimately connected with the Judean wilderness to its northwest and west, the Dead Sea was a place of escape and refuge. The remoteness of the region attracted Greek Orthodox monks since the Byzantine era. Their monasteries, such as Saint George in Wadi Kelt and Mar Saba in the Judean Desert, are places of pilgrimage.
Views: 4017 Wise Wanderer

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