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Technical Art History: Using camera lucidas in painting class.

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Technical Art History: Using camera lucidas in painting class. A proof of concept demonstration investigating the historical use of mirrors when painting by such artist as Johannes Vermeer, Torrentius and Caravaggio, inspired by the movie "Tims Vermeer". For a few days in May 2015 students in a painting class at Nyckelviksskolan were equipped with 3D-Printed mirror holders and oil colours, basic limited palettes (White, Golden Ochre, Red and Black). A part of the experiment was to find out if the view in the mirror could be represented with the relatively narrow colourspace the historical limited palette was offering. The mirror holders or "camera lucidas" were modelled by me in Blender and printed on a Printrbot Simple Metal. The STL files will be uploaded to YouMagine or Thingiverse in due time. #rationalpainting Nyckelviksskolan (Stockholm Sweden) offers one-year programs in art, crafts and design together with a two-year professional training program for Specialist Craft Tutors. The school promotes artistic development with a focus on materials and techniques. http://www.nyckelviksskolan.se/in-english/about-the-school/ Blender is a free and open source 3D animation suite. It supports the entirety of the 3D pipeline—modeling, rigging, animation, simulation, rendering, compositing and motion tracking, even video editing and game creation. http://www.blender.org/about/
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Text Comments (20)
Anthony Genzale (2 months ago)
While listening to "I'll Be Your Mirror."
kcaj mortsnnew (6 months ago)
i wannabe a ardust......but i have no talent , and i don't want to do the work
Julio Cruz (6 months ago)
Y esas roñas son artistas jodidas técnicas .i.
I am am I (7 months ago)
This is ridiculous just use a transparency on an over head projector.
J DiL (9 months ago)
In all languages, this is... cheating.
sinister monk (10 months ago)
Does anyone know the name of the mirror mount with the adjustable screws?
sinister monk (10 months ago)
You're a champ, Anders! Been using a mirror setup I built out of Legos (most accurate 90 and 45 degree components I could find) but now working on a more permanent/exact setup. Thank you, sir!
Anders Gudmundson (10 months ago)
https://drive.google.com/open?id=1bT49UQznmj1a8hxCZGaawiAw9CXzYE3v
Stu (11 months ago)
I am not a painter.  I would hate to try and sign my name at arms length... let alone try to paint a picture....  I love this concept... but in many, many documentaries... I have never seen artists paint at arms length.
blallikutube (9 months ago)
Oil brushes are longer than watercolor brushes for precisely this reason: to extend one's reach (I am a painter).
Armando Pereira (1 year ago)
Hello, Good morning. I really enjoyed this painting demonstration with the technique of mirrors. I would like to ask two questions, can you please send me answers? 1 - Was this model of technical instrument adopted, its be built in the School of Art, or its was purchased? 2 - You can send to me the reference so I can find one for me, or can you please send the template so I can build one. Thank you very much. I wish you all the best and Congratulations to all. Armando
Anders Gudmundson (10 months ago)
Sorry about the delay, I've made an improved version of the old mirror mount suitable for a standard microphone tripod. 2 stl files here: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1bT49UQznmj1a8hxCZGaawiAw9CXzYE3v
Amirpasha Shabestari (1 year ago)
WEAR SOMETHING !
Simon Dixon (1 year ago)
Great to have some music from The Draughtsman's Contract, a film about the dangers of witnessing, but not seeing. :)
Lawrence Stanley (1 year ago)
Great video, but I swear 3D printers are going to ruin craftsmanship in woodworking, metalworking, and the like. Dependence upon automation always destroys talent and ability.
kcaj mortsnnew (6 months ago)
habit
Jannis Adamek (8 months ago)
Lawrence Stanley thats not true, how do you explain painting than more than 200 years into cameras?
Internetmail 01 (2 years ago)
wonderful! I'm very interested in using this technique. A few questions: 1. why did you have to paint the boxes black? Wouldn't it have been easier if it were white, e.g. more light in the surroundings? 2. Wouldn't it have been easier to set the easel a bit nearer to the box with the object, so that the painters would sit a bit nearer to the cavas and wouldn't have to paint with an outstretched arm all the time?
Tim Jenison (2 years ago)
Anders, Great video! I'm glad you enjoyed Tim's Vermeer. I have a few suggestions after watching your experiments. Try moving the mirror closer to the easel and closer to the subject (Keeping the distances equal to each other to prevent parallax). Then you wouldn't have to stretch your arms so far, and you can see and paint details much easier. Also, it is very important to establish and maintain similar light levels on the canvas and the subject. I sometimes place a white card next to my subject (facing the light source) and another card flat against the canvas. Looking through the comparator mirror, adjust the light on the canvas and subject so the white cards match each other. The combination of natural and artificial light can be a problem because one fluctuates and the other is constant. Try to avoid using both at the same time. Tim Jenison
Anders Gudmundson (2 years ago)
Hi Tim! Great movie - your Vermeer! The reason for the long distance between mirror and subject was my preference only - I like the "shorter/tele"? perspective when working myself. Light was an issue of course and the short duration (two days) - but all in all a appreciated event. I have some ideas for a follow up on this subject (but in relation to the technique of Caravaggio especially the engraved contour lines in the painting surfaces - if you are interested in my theory PM me on Facebook or preferred way) Regards Anders

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